Professor William Fulton of the
Department of Mathematics of the University of
Michigan gave the Sixth Annual LAA Lecture on April 27, 2001. The
title of his lecture was ``Eigenvalues of sums of Hermitian Matrices.''
Professor Fulton discussed the history of the problem of
characterizing the possible eigenvalues of two Hermitian matrices and
their sum, and the recent solution by A. A. Klyachko with
A. Knutson and T. Tao. He also discussed several related
problems in algebra, geometry, and representation theory. Dr.
Fulton's article ``Eigenvalues, Invariant Factors, Highest Weights,
and Schubert Calculus'' appeared in the Bulletin of the American Mathematical
Society 37 (2000), 209-249.
| William Fulton |

Peter Lax |
On November 7, 2001 Professor Peter D. Lax of the Courant
Institute of Mathematical Sciences (NYU) gave the Sixth Wolfgang
Wasow Memorial Lecture on ``Multiple Eigenvalues.'' (This lecture
was originally scheduled to be given in September but was postponed
due to the tragic events that occurred on September 11, 2001.) This
lecture was concerned with the discriminant of a real symmetric matrix of
order n (i.e. of its eigenvalues). The discriminant is a homogeneous
nonnegative polynomial of degree n(n-1) in the entries of the matrix.
As first shown by Hilbert, nonnegative polynomials of degree greater
than 2 and in more than two variables, cannot always be written as a
sum of squares of polynomials. In the lecture it was demonstrated that
the discriminant of real symmetric matrices can always be so written.
In fact, N. Ilyusheckin gave an explicit representation as a sum of n!
squares. Introducing Professor Lax, Shi Jin said:
``Dr. Lax is one of the greatest applied and theoretical mathematicians
of the 20th century who has made significant contributions to
mathematics and scientific computing, including partial differential
equations, integral systems, computational fluid dynamics, and
hyperbolic conservation laws. His name is connected with many major
mathematical results and numerical methods, such as the Lax-Milgram
Lemma, the Lax Equivalence Theorem, the Lax-Wendruff Scheme, the
Lax-Friedrichs Scheme, the Lax Entropy Condition, the Lax Pair, the
Lax-Levermore Theory, etc. His scientific contributions have been
recognized by many awards: the National Medal of Science, the Wolf
Prize, the Wiener Prize, election to the National Academy of Science,
....
His expository skills have led to the Lester R. Ford Award and
the Chauvenet Prize.''
Professor Lax is also a distinguished educator who has mentored numerous graduate students and postdocs. He gave a lecture in our 9th floor conference room on ``The Paradox of Education.'' |

Cumrun Vafa |
Dr. Cumrun Vafa, Professor of Physics of Harvard University,
was our Distinguished Lecturer in the spring of 2001. He visited
UW-Madison during the week of May 7, 2001 and gave two lectures.
One was a joint Mathematics and Physics Colloquium on ``Geometric Physics.''
The other was a Graduate Student String Theory Seminar given in our
9th floor conference room. In the seminar he discussed the
relationships between the Homfly polynomial of a knot and Chern-Simon
gauge theory.
Dr. Vafa's research interests lie in theoretical high energy physics with emphasis on such fundamental questions as the nature of quantum gravity and the relation between geometry and quantum field theories. String theory is a strong candidate for a unified description of gravity and other forces. With A. Strominger he discovered that the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a black hole can be accounted for by solitonic states of string theory. One of Professor Vafa's current interests is application of string theory to some unsolved questions of particle physics such as the hierarchy problem and the cosmological constant problem. |

The *Special Lectures Committee * has chosen the 2001-02 LAA and
Wasow
Memorial Lecturers.
They are **Thomas Kailath** of Stanford University,
who will give his LAA Lecture in April of this year, and **John Erik
Fornaess** of the University of Michigan, who will give his Wasow
Memorial Lecture in October.

Distinguished Lecturers for 2001-02 have
also been announced. **George Papanicolaou**, Stanford University, will
be Distinguished Lecturer visiting the department on April 24-26, 2002.
**Armand Borel**, Institute for Advanced Study, will also be a
Distinguished
Lecturer, visiting the department on May 7-8, 2002.