Difference between revisions of "Colloquia/Fall18"

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__NOTOC__
 
 
 
= Mathematics Colloquium =
 
= Mathematics Colloquium =
  
 
All colloquia are on Fridays at 4:00 pm in Van Vleck B239, '''unless otherwise indicated'''.
 
All colloquia are on Fridays at 4:00 pm in Van Vleck B239, '''unless otherwise indicated'''.
  
<!-- ==[[Tentative Colloquia|Tentative schedule for next semester]] == -->
+
The calendar for spring 2019 can be found [[Colloquia/Spring2019|here]].
 +
 
 +
==Spring 2019==
  
== Spring 2017  ==
 
 
 
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
!align="left" | date   
 
!align="left" | date   
Line 15: Line 13:
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Monday, January 9, 9th floor'''
+
|Jan 25
| [http://www.stat.berkeley.edu/~racz/ Miklos Racz] (Microsoft)
+
| [http://www.users.miamioh.edu/randrib/ Beata Randrianantoanina] (Miami University Ohio) WIMAW
|[[#Monday, January 9:  Miklos Racz (Microsoft) |  ''Statistical inference in networks and genomics'' ]]
+
|[[#Beata Randrianantoanina (Miami University Ohio) |  Some nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces and their applications ]]
| Valko
+
| Tullia Dymarz
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|January 13, B239
+
|Jan 30 '''Wednesday'''
| [https://math.berkeley.edu/people/faculty/mihaela-ifrim/ Mihaela Ifrim] (Berkeley)
+
| [https://services.math.duke.edu/~pierce/ Lillian Pierce] (Duke University)
|[[#Friday, January 13: Mihaela Ifrim (Berkeley) |  ''Two dimensional water waves''  ]]
+
|[[#Lillian Pierce (Duke University) |  Short character sums  ]]
| Angenent
+
| Boston and Street
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Tuesday, January 17, B139'''
+
|Jan 31 '''Thursday'''
| [https://web.math.princeton.edu/~fabiop/ Fabio Pusateri] (Princeton)
+
| [http://www.math.tamu.edu/~dbaskin/ Dean Baskin] (Texas A&M)
|[[#Tuesday, January 17:  Fabio Pusateri (Princeton) | ''The Water Waves problem'' ]]
+
|[[#Dean Baskin (Texas A&M) | Radiation fields for wave equations ]]
| Angenent
+
| Street
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|January 20, B239
+
|Feb 1
| [http://math.mit.edu/~sraskin/ Sam Raskin] (MIT)
+
| [https://services.math.duke.edu/~jianfeng/ Jianfeng Lu] (Duke University)
|[[#Friday, January 20: Sam Raskin (MIT) |   Tempered local geometric Langlands ]]
+
|[[# TBA| TBA ]]
| Arinkin
+
| Qin
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Monday, January 23, B239'''
+
|Feb 5 '''Tuesday'''
| [http://www.math.umd.edu/~tdarvas/ Tamas Darvas] (Maryland)
+
| [http://www.math.tamu.edu/~alexei.poltoratski/ Alexei Poltoratski] (Texas A&M University)
|[[#Monday, January 23: Tamas Darvas (Maryland) Geometry on the space of Kahler metrics and applications to canonical metrics ]]
+
|[[# TBATBA  ]]
| Viaclovsky
+
| Denisov
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|January 27
+
|Feb 8
|Reserved for possible job talks
+
| [https://sites.math.northwestern.edu/~anaber/ Aaron Naber] (Northwestern)
|[[# |   ]]
+
|[[#Aaron Naber (Northwestern) |   A structure theory for spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds  ]]
|
+
| Street
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|February 3
+
|Feb 15
| Melanie Matchett Wood (UW-Madison)
+
|  
|[[#Friday, February 3: Melanie Matchett Wood (UW-Madison) | Random groups from generators and relations ]]
+
|[[# TBA| TBA  ]]
|
+
|  
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|Monday, February 6 (Wasow lecture)
+
|Feb 22
| Benoit Perthame (University of Paris VI)
+
| [https://people.math.osu.edu/cueto.5/ Angelica Cueto] (Ohio State)
|[[#Monday, February 6: Benoit Perthame (University of Paris VI)| Models for neural networks; analysis, simulations and behaviour ]]  
+
|[[# TBA| TBA  ]]
| Jin
+
| Erman and Corey
 
|-
 
|February 10 (WIMAW lecture)
 
| Alina Chertock (NC State Univ.)
 
|[[# |   ]]  
 
| WIMAW
 
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|February 17
+
|March 4
| [http://web.math.ucsb.edu/~ponce/ Gustavo Ponce] (UCSB)
+
| [http://www-users.math.umn.edu/~sverak/ Vladimir Sverak] (Minnesota) Wasow lecture
|[[#   |     ]]
+
|[[# TBA| TBA ]]
| Minh-Binh Tran
+
| Kim
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|February 24
+
|March 8
| [http://acms.nd.edu/people/faculty/jonathan-hauenstein/ Jonathan Hauenstein] (Notre Dame)
+
| [https://orion.math.iastate.edu/jmccullo/index.html Jason McCullough] (Iowa State)
|[[#  |    ]]
+
|[[# TBA|  TBA ]]
| Boston
+
| Erman
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|March 3
+
|March 15
| [http://www.math.utah.edu/~bromberg/ Ken Bromberg] (University of Utah)
+
| Maksym Radziwill (Caltech)
|[[# |   ]]
+
|[[# TBA| TBA  ]]
|Dymarz
+
| Marshall
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|Tuesday, March 7, 4PM (Distinguished Lecture)
+
|March 29
| [http://pages.iu.edu/~temam/  Roger Temam] (Indiana University)  
+
| Jennifer Park (OSU)
|[[#  |    ]]
+
|[[# TBA|  TBA ]]
|Smith
+
| Marshall
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Wednesday, March 8, 2:25PM '''
+
|April 5
| [http://pages.iu.edu/~temam/  Roger Temam] (Indiana University)  
+
| Ju-Lee Kim (MIT)
|[[#  |    ]]
+
|[[# TBA|  TBA ]]
|Smith
+
| Gurevich
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|March 10
+
|April 12
| '''No Colloquium'''
+
| Evitar Procaccia (TAMU)
|[[# |   ]]
+
|[[# TBA| TBA  ]]
|
+
| Gurevich
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Wednesday, March 15, 4PM '''
+
|April 19
| [http://verso.mat.uam.es/web/ezuazua/zuazua.html Enrique Zuazua] (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
+
| [http://www.math.rice.edu/~jkn3/ Jo Nelson] (Rice University)
|[[#  TBA|  TBA  ]]
+
|[[# TBA|  TBA  ]]
| Jin & Minh-Binh Tran
+
| Jean-Luc
|
 
|-
 
|March 17
 
| [https://services.math.duke.edu/~pierce/ Lillian Pierce] (Duke University)  
 
| TBA
 
| M. Matchett Wood
 
|
 
|-
 
|March 24
 
|  '''Spring Break'''
 
|[[# |   ]]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|'''Wednesday, March 29 at 3:30PM (Wasow)'''
 
| [https://math.nyu.edu/faculty/serfaty/ Sylvia Serfaty] (NYU)
 
|[[# TBA|  TBA]]
 
|Tran
 
|
 
|-
 
|March 31
 
| '''No Colloquium'''
 
|[[# |    ]]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|April 7
 
| [http://www.math.uiuc.edu/~schenck/ Hal Schenck]
 
|[[# |    ]]
 
|Erman
 
|
 
|-
 
|April 14
 
| Wilfrid Gangbo
 
|[[# |    ]]
 
|Feldman & Tran
 
|
 
|-
 
|April 21
 
|  [http://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~mde/ Mark Andrea de Cataldo]  (Stony Brook)
 
|TBA
 
| Maxim
 
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|April 28
+
|April 26
| [http://users.cms.caltech.edu/~hou/ Thomas Yizhao Hou]
+
| [https://www.brown.edu/academics/applied-mathematics/faculty/kavita-ramanan/home Kavita Ramanan] (Brown University)
 
|[[# TBA|  TBA  ]]
 
|[[# TBA|  TBA  ]]
|Li
+
| WIMAW
|}
 
 
 
==Fall 2017==
 
 
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
!align="left" | date 
 
!align="left" | speaker
 
!align="left" | title
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|DATE
+
|May 3
| [LINK PERSON] 
+
| Tomasz Przebinda (Oklahoma)
 
|[[# TBA|  TBA  ]]
 
|[[# TBA|  TBA  ]]
 +
| Gurevich
 
|
 
|
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
== Abstracts ==
 
== Abstracts ==
=== September 16: Po-Shen Loh (CMU) ===
 
Title: Directed paths: from Ramsey to Pseudorandomness
 
  
Abstract: Starting from an innocent Ramsey-theoretic question regarding directed
+
===Beata Randrianantoanina (Miami University Ohio)===
paths in graphs, we discover a series of rich and surprising connections
 
that lead into the theory around a fundamental result in Combinatorics:
 
Szemeredi's Regularity Lemma, which roughly states that every graph (no
 
matter how large) can be well-approximated by a bounded-complexity
 
pseudorandom object.  Using these relationships, we prove that every
 
coloring of the edges of the transitive N-vertex tournament using three
 
colors contains a directed path of length at least sqrt(N) e^{log^* N}
 
which entirely avoids some color.  The unusual function log^* is the
 
inverse function of the tower function (iterated exponentiation).
 
  
=== September 23: Gheorghe Craciun (UW-Madison) ===
+
Title: Some nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces and their applications.
Title: Toric Differential Inclusions and a Proof of the Global Attractor Conjecture
 
  
Abstract: The Global Attractor Conjecture says that a large class of polynomial dynamical systems, called toric dynamical systems, have a globally attracting point within each linear invariant space. In particular, these polynomial dynamical systems never exhibit multistability, oscillations or chaotic dynamics.  
+
Abstract: Nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces have been studied since the inception of the field. In this talk I will outline some of the history, some of modern applications, and some open directions of research. The talk will be accessible to graduate students of any field of mathematics.
  
The conjecture was formulated by Fritz Horn in the early 1970s, and is strongly related to Boltzmann's H-theorem.
+
===Lillian Pierce (Duke University)===
  
We discuss the history of this problem, including the connection between this conjecture and the Boltzmann equation. Then, we introduce toric differential inclusions, and describe how they can be used to prove this conjecture in full generality.
+
Title: Short character sums
  
=== September 30: Akos Magyar (University of Georgia) ===
+
Abstract: A surprisingly diverse array of problems in analytic number theory have at their heart a problem of bounding (from above) an exponential sum, or its multiplicative cousin, a so-called character sum. For example, both understanding the Riemann zeta function or Dirichlet L-functions inside the critical strip, and also counting solutions to Diophantine equations via the circle method or power sieve methods, involve bounding such sums. In general, the sums of interest fall into one of two main regimes: complete sums or incomplete sums, with this latter regime including in particular “short sums.” Short sums are particularly useful, and particularly resistant to almost all known methods. In this talk, we will see what makes a sum “short,” sketch why it would be incredibly powerful to understand short sums, and discuss a curious proof from the 1950’s which is still the best way we know to bound short sums. We will end by describing new work which extends the ideas of this curious proof to bound short sums in much more general situations.
Title: Geometric Ramsey theory
 
  
Abstract: Initiated by Erdos, Graham, Montgomery and others in the 1970's, geometric Ramsey theory studies geometric configurations, determined up to translations, rotations and possibly dilations, which cannot be destroyed by finite partitions of Euclidean spaces. Later it was shown by ergodic and Fourier analytic methods that such results are also possible in the context of sets of positive upper density in Euclidean spaces or the integer lattice. We present a new approach, motivated by developments in arithmetic combinatorics, which provide new results as well new proofs of some classical results in this area.
+
===Dean Baskin (Texas A&M)===
  
=== October 14: Ling Long (LSU) ===
+
Title: Radiation fields for wave equations
Title: Hypergeometric functions over finite fields
 
  
Abstract: Hypergeometric functions are special functions with lot of
+
Abstract: Radiation fields are rescaled limits of solutions of wave equations near "null infinity" and capture the radiation pattern seen by a distant observer. They are intimately connected with the Fourier and Radon transforms and with scattering theory. In this talk, I will define and discuss radiation fields in a few contexts, with an emphasis on spacetimes that look flat near infinity. The main result is a connection between the asymptotic behavior of the radiation field and a family of quantum objects on an associated asymptotically hyperbolic space.
symmetries. In this talk, we will introduce hypergeometric functions over finite
 
fields, originally due to Greene, Katz and McCarthy, in a way that is
 
parallel to the classical hypergeometric functions, and discuss their
 
properties and applications to character sums and the arithmetic of
 
hypergeometric abelian varieties.
 
This is a joint work with Jenny Fuselier, Ravi Ramakrishna, Holly Swisher, and Fang-Ting Tu.
 
  
=== Tuesday, October 25, 9th floor: Stefan Steinerberger (Yale) ===
+
===Aaron Naber (Northwestern)===
Title: Three Miracles in Analysis
 
  
Abstract: I plan to tell three stories: all deal with new points of view on very classical objects and have in common that there is a miracle somewhere. Miracles are nice but difficult to reproduce, so in all three cases the full extent of the underlying theory is not clear and many interesting open problems await. (1) An improvement of the Poincare inequality on the Torus that encodes a lot of classical Number Theory. (2) If the Hardy-Littlewood maximal function is easy to compute, then the function is sin(x). (Here, the miracle is both in the statement and in the proof). (3) Bounding classical integral operators (Hilbert/Laplace/Fourier-transforms) in L^2 -- but this time from below (this problem originally arose in medical imaging). Here, the miracle is also known as 'Slepian's miracle' (this part is joint work with Rima Alaifari, Lillian Pierce and Roy Lederman).
+
Title: A structure theory for spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds.
  
=== October 28: Linda Reichl (UT Austin) ===
+
Abstract: One should view manifolds (M^n,g) with lower Ricci curvature bounds as being those manifolds with a well behaved analysis, a point which can be rigorously stated.  It thus becomes a natural question, how well behaved or badly behaved can such spaces be?  This is a nonlinear analogue to asking how degenerate can a subharmonic or plurisubharmonic function look like.  In this talk we give an essentially sharp answer to this question.  The talk will require little background, and our time will be spent on understanding the basic statements and examples.  The work discussed is joint with Cheeger, Jiang and with Li.
Title: Microscopic hydrodynamic modes in a binary mixture
 
  
Abstract: Expressions for propagation speeds and decay rates of hydrodynamic modes in a binary mixture can be obtained directly from spectral properties of the Boltzmann equations describing the mixture. The derivation of hydrodynamic behavior from the spectral properties of the kinetic equation provides an alternative to Chapman-Enskog theory, and removes the need for lengthy calculations of transport coefficients in the mixture. It also provides a sensitive test of the completeness of kinetic equations describing the mixture. We apply the method to a hard-sphere binary mixture and show that it gives excellent agreement with light scattering experiments on noble gas mixtures.
 
  
===Monday, October 31: Kathryn Mann (Berkeley) ===
+
== Past Colloquia ==
Title: Groups acting on the circle
 
 
 
Abstract:  Given a group G and a manifold M, can one describe all the actions of G on M?  This is a basic and natural question from geometric topology, but also a very difficult one -- even in the case where M is the circle, and G is a familiar, finitely generated group. 
 
 
 
In this talk, I’ll introduce you to the theory of groups acting on the circle, building on the perspectives of Ghys, Calegari, Goldman and others.  We'll see some tools, old and new, some open problems, and some connections between this theory and themes in topology (like foliated bundles) and dynamics. 
 
 
 
===November 7: Gaven Martin (New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study) ===
 
Title: Siegel's problem on small volume lattices
 
 
 
Abstract: We outline in very general terms the history and the proof of the identification
 
of the minimal covolume lattice of hyperbolic 3-space as the 3-5-3
 
Coxeter group extended by the involution preserving the symmetry of this
 
diagram. This gives us the smallest regular tessellation of hyperbolic 3-space.
 
This solves (in three dimensions) a problem posed by Siegel in 1945.  Siegel solved this problem in two dimensions by deriving the
 
signature formula identifying the (2,3,7)-triangle group as having minimal
 
co-area.
 
 
There are strong connections with arithmetic hyperbolic geometry in
 
the proof, and the result has applications in the maximal symmetry groups
 
of hyperbolic 3-manifolds in much the same way that Hurwitz's 84g-84 theorem
 
and Siegel's result do.
 
 
 
===Wednesday, November 16 (9th floor): Kathryn Lindsey (U Chicago) ===
 
Title: Shapes of Julia Sets
 
 
 
Abstract: The filled Julia set of a complex polynomial P is the set of points whose orbit under iteration of the map P is bounded.  William Thurston asked "What are the possible shapes of polynomial Julia sets?"  For example, is there a polynomial whose Julia set looks like a cat, or your silhouette, or spells out your name?  It turns out the answer to all of these is "yes!"  I will characterize the shapes of polynomial Julia sets and present an algorithm for constructing polynomials whose Julia sets have desired shapes.
 
 
 
===November 18: Andrew Snowden (University of Michigan)===
 
Title: Recent progress in representation stability
 
 
 
Abstract:  Representation stability is a relatively new field that studies
 
somewhat exotic algebraic structures and exploits their properties to
 
prove results (often asymptotic in nature) about objects of interest.
 
I will describe some of the algebraic structures that appear (and
 
state some important results about them), give a sampling of some
 
notable applications (in group theory, topology, and algebraic
 
geometry), and mention some open problems in the area.
 
 
 
===Monday, November 21:  Mariya Soskova (University of Wisconsin-Madison)===
 
Title:  Definability in degree structures
 
 
 
Abstract:  Some incomputable sets are more incomputable than others. We use
 
Turing reducibility and enumeration reducibility to measure the
 
relative complexity of incomputable sets. By identifying sets of the
 
same complexity, we can associate to each reducibility a degree
 
structure: the partial order of the Turing degrees and the partial
 
order of the enumeration degrees. The two structures are related in
 
nontrivial ways. The first has an isomorphic copy in the second and
 
this isomorphic copy is an automorphism base. In 1969, Rogers asked a
 
series of questions about the two degree structures with a common
 
theme: definability. In this talk I will introduce the main concepts
 
and describe the work that was motivated by these questions.
 
 
 
===Friday, December 2:  Hao Shen (Columbia)===
 
Title:  Singular Stochastic Partial Differential Equations - How do they arise and what do they mean?
 
 
 
Abstract: Systems with random fluctuations are ubiquitous in the real world. Stochastic PDEs are default models for these random systems, just as PDEs are default models for deterministic systems. However, a large class of such stochastic PDEs were poorly understood until very recently: the presence of very singular random forcing as well as nonlinearities render it challenging to interpret what one even means by a ``solution". The recent breakthroughs by M. Hairer, M. Gubinelli and other researchers including the speaker not only established solution theories for these singular SPDEs, but also led to an explosion of new questions. These include scaling limits of random microscopic models, development of numerical schemes, ergodicity of random dynamical systems and a new approach to quantum field theory. In this talk we will discuss the main ideas of the recent solution theories of singular SPDEs, and how these SPDEs arise as limits of various important physical models.
 
 
 
===Monday, December 5:  Botong Wang (UW-Madison)===
 
Title:  Enumeration of points, lines, planes, etc.
 
 
 
Abstract: It is a theorem of de Bruijn and Erdos that n points in the plane determine at least n lines, unless all the points lie on a line. This is one of the earliest results in enumerative combinatorial geometry. We will present a higher dimensional generalization of this theorem, which confirms a “top-heavy” conjecture of Dowling and Wilson in 1975. I will give a sketch of the key ideas of the proof, which are the hard Lefschetz theorem and the decomposition theorem in algebraic geometry. I will also talk about a log-concave conjecture on the number of independent sets. These are joint works with June Huh.
 
 
 
=== Friday, December 9: Aaron Brown (U Chicago) ===
 
''Lattice actions and recent progress in the Zimmer program''
 
 
 
Abstract: The Zimmer Program is a collection of conjectures and questions regarding actions of lattices in higher-rank simple Lie groups on compact manifolds.  For instance, it is conjectured that all non-trivial volume-preserving actions are built from algebraic examples using standard constructions.  In particular—on manifolds whose dimension is below the dimension of all algebraic examples—Zimmer’s conjecture asserts that every action is finite. 
 
 
 
I will present some background, motivation, and selected previous results in the Zimmer program.  I will then explain two of my results within the Zimmer program:
 
(1) a solution to Zimmer’s conjecture for actions of cocompact lattices in SL(n,R) (joint with D. Fisher and S. Hurtado);
 
(2) a classification (up to topological semiconjugacy) of all actions on tori whose induced action on homology satisfies certain criteria (joint with F. Rodriguez Hertz and Z. Wang).
 
 
 
=== Monday, December 19: Andrew Zimmer (U Chicago) ===
 
''Metric spaces of non-positive curvature and applications in several complex variables''
 
 
 
Abstract:  In this talk I will discuss how to use ideas from the theory of metric spaces of non-positive curvature to understand the behavior of holomorphic maps between bounded domains in complex Euclidean space. Every bounded domain has an metric, called the Kobayashi metric, which is distance non-increasing with respect to holomorphic maps. Moreover, this metric often satisfies well-known non-positive curvature type conditions (for instance, Gromov hyperbolicity or visibility) and one can then use these conditions to understand the behavior of holomorphic maps. Some of what I will talk about is joint work with Gautam Bharali.
 
 
 
=== Monday, January 9: Miklos Racz (Microsoft) ===
 
''Statistical inference in networks and genomics''
 
 
 
Abstract: From networks to genomics, large amounts of data are increasingly available and play critical roles in helping us understand complex systems. Statistical inference is crucial in discovering the underlying structures present in these systems, whether this concerns the time evolution of a network, an underlying geometric structure, or reconstructing a DNA sequence from partial and noisy information. In this talk I will discuss several fundamental detection and estimation problems in these areas.
 
 
 
I will present an overview of recent developments in source detection and estimation in randomly growing graphs. For example, can one detect the influence of the initial seed graph? How good are root-finding algorithms? I will also discuss inference in random geometric graphs: can one detect and estimate an underlying high-dimensional geometric structure? Finally, I will discuss statistical error correction algorithms for DNA sequencing that are motivated by DNA storage, which aims to use synthetic DNA as a high-density, durable, and easy-to-manipulate storage medium of digital data.
 
 
 
=== Friday, January 13: Mihaela Ifrim (Berkeley) ===
 
''Two dimensional water waves''
 
 
 
The classical water-wave problem consists of solving the Euler equations in the presence of a free fluid surface (e.g the water-air interface). This talk will provide an overview of recent developments concerning the motion of a two dimensional incompressible fluid with a free surface. There is a wide range of problems that fall under the heading of water waves, depending on a number of assumptions that can be applied: surface tension, gravity, finite bottom, infinite bottom, rough bottom, etc., and combinations thereof. We will present the physical motivation for studying such problems, followed by the discussion of several interesting mathematical questions related to them. The first step in the analysis is the choice of coordinates, where multiple choices are available. Once the equations are derived we will discuss the main issues arising when analysing local well-posedness, as well as the long time behaviour of solutions with small, or small and localized data. In the last part of the talk we will introduce a new, very robust method which allows one to obtain enhanced lifespan bounds for the solutions. If time permits we will also introduce an alternative method to the scattering theory, which in some cases yields a straightforward route to proving global existence results and obtaining an asymptotic description of solutions. This is joint work with Daniel Tataru, and in part with John Hunter.
 
 
 
=== Tuesday, January 17:  Fabio Pusateri (Princeton) ===
 
''The Water Waves problem''
 
 
 
We will begin by introducing the free boundary Euler equations which are a system of nonlinear PDEs modeling the motion of fluids, such as waves on the surface of the ocean. We will discuss several works done on this system in recent years, and how they fit into the broader context of the study of nonlinear evolution problems. We will then focus on the question of global regularity for water waves, present some of our main results - obtained in collaboration with Ionescu and Deng-Ionescu-Pausader - and sketch some of the main ideas.
 
 
 
=== Friday, January 20: Sam Raskin (MIT) === 
 
''Tempered local geometric Langlands ''
 
 
 
The (arithmetic) Langlands program is a cornerstone of modern representation theory and number theory. It has two incarnations: local and global. The former conjectures the existence of certain "local terms," and the latter predicts remarkable interactions between these local terms. By necessity, the global story is predicated on the local.
 
 
 
Geometric Langlands attempts to find similar patterns in the geometry of curves. However, the scope of the subject has been limited by a meager local theory, which has not been adequately explored.
 
 
 
The subject of this talk is a part of a larger investigation into local geometric Langlands. We will give an elementary overview of the expectations of this theory, discuss a certain concrete conjecture in the area (on "temperedness"), and provide evidence for this conjecture.
 
 
 
=== Monday, January 23: Tamas Darvas (Maryland) ===
 
''Geometry on the space of Kahler metrics and applications to canonical metrics''
 
 
 
A basic problem in Kahler geometry, going back to Calabi in the 50's, is to find Kahler
 
metrics with the best curvature properties, e.g., Einstein metrics. Such special metrics are
 
minimizers of well known functionals on the space of all Kahler metrics H. However these
 
functionals become convex only if an adequate geometry is chosen on H. One such choice of
 
Riemannian geometry was proposed by Mabuchi in the 80's, and was used to address a number of
 
uniqueness questions in the theory. In this talk I will present more general Finsler geometries on
 
H, that still enjoy many of the  properties that Mabuchi's geometry has, and I will give
 
applications related to existence of special Kahler metrics, including the recent resolution of
 
Tian's related properness conjectures. 
 
 
 
 
 
=== Friday, February 3: Melanie Matchett Wood (UW-Madison) ===
 
''Random groups from generators and relations''
 
  
We consider a model of random groups that starts with a free group on n generators and takes the quotient by n random relations.  We discuss this model in the case of abelian groups (starting with a free abelian group), and its relationship to the Cohen-Lenstra heuristics, which predict the distribution of class groups of number fields.  We will explain a universality theorem, an analog of the central limit theorem for random groups, that says the resulting distribution of random groups is largely insensitive to the distribution from which the relations are chosen.  Finally, we discuss joint work with Yuan Liu on the non-abelian random groups built in this way, including the existence of a limit of the random groups as n goes to infinity. 
+
[[Colloquia/Blank|Blank]]
  
=== Monday, February 6: Benoit Perthame (University of Paris VI) ===
+
[[Colloquia/Fall2018|Fall 2018]]
''Models for neural networks; analysis, simulations and behaviour''
 
  
Neurons exchange informations via discharges, propagated
+
[[Colloquia/Spring2018|Spring 2018]]
by membrane potential,  which trigger firing of the many connected
 
neurons. How to describe large networks of such neurons? What are the properties of these mean-field equations?
 
How can such a network generate a spontaneous activity?
 
Such questions can be tackled using nonlinear integro-differential
 
equations. These are now classically used in the neuroscience community to describe
 
neuronal networks or neural assemblies. Among them, the best known is certainly
 
Wilson-Cowan's equation which
 
describe spiking rates arising in different brain locations.
 
  
Another classical model is the integrate-and-fire equation that describes
+
[[Colloquia/Fall2017|Fall 2017]]
neurons through their voltage using a particular type of Fokker-Planck equations. Several mathematical results will be presented concerning existence, blow-up, convergence to steady state,
 
for the excitatory and inhibitory neurons, with or without refractory states. Conditions for the transition to spontaneous activity (periodic solutions) will be discussed.
 
  
One can also describe directly the spike time
+
[[Colloquia/Spring2017|Spring 2017]]
distribution which seems to encode more directly the neuronal information. 
 
This leads to a structured population equation that describes
 
at time $t$ the probability to find a neuron with time $s$
 
elapsed since its last discharge.  Here, we can 
 
show that small or large connectivity
 
leads to desynchronization. For intermediate regimes, sustained
 
periodic activity occurs.
 
A common mathematical tool is the use of the relative entropy method.
 
 
 
This talk is based on works with K. Pakdaman and D. Salort, M. Caceres, J. A. Carrillo and D. Smets.
 
 
 
 
 
== Past Colloquia ==
 
  
 
[[Archived Fall 2016 Colloquia|Fall 2016]]
 
[[Archived Fall 2016 Colloquia|Fall 2016]]

Latest revision as of 09:43, 24 January 2019

Mathematics Colloquium

All colloquia are on Fridays at 4:00 pm in Van Vleck B239, unless otherwise indicated.

The calendar for spring 2019 can be found here.

Spring 2019

date speaker title host(s)
Jan 25 Beata Randrianantoanina (Miami University Ohio) WIMAW Some nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces and their applications Tullia Dymarz
Jan 30 Wednesday Lillian Pierce (Duke University) Short character sums Boston and Street
Jan 31 Thursday Dean Baskin (Texas A&M) Radiation fields for wave equations Street
Feb 1 Jianfeng Lu (Duke University) TBA Qin
Feb 5 Tuesday Alexei Poltoratski (Texas A&M University) TBA Denisov
Feb 8 Aaron Naber (Northwestern) A structure theory for spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds Street
Feb 15 TBA
Feb 22 Angelica Cueto (Ohio State) TBA Erman and Corey
March 4 Vladimir Sverak (Minnesota) Wasow lecture TBA Kim
March 8 Jason McCullough (Iowa State) TBA Erman
March 15 Maksym Radziwill (Caltech) TBA Marshall
March 29 Jennifer Park (OSU) TBA Marshall
April 5 Ju-Lee Kim (MIT) TBA Gurevich
April 12 Evitar Procaccia (TAMU) TBA Gurevich
April 19 Jo Nelson (Rice University) TBA Jean-Luc
April 26 Kavita Ramanan (Brown University) TBA WIMAW
May 3 Tomasz Przebinda (Oklahoma) TBA Gurevich

Abstracts

Beata Randrianantoanina (Miami University Ohio)

Title: Some nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces and their applications.

Abstract: Nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces have been studied since the inception of the field. In this talk I will outline some of the history, some of modern applications, and some open directions of research. The talk will be accessible to graduate students of any field of mathematics.

Lillian Pierce (Duke University)

Title: Short character sums

Abstract: A surprisingly diverse array of problems in analytic number theory have at their heart a problem of bounding (from above) an exponential sum, or its multiplicative cousin, a so-called character sum. For example, both understanding the Riemann zeta function or Dirichlet L-functions inside the critical strip, and also counting solutions to Diophantine equations via the circle method or power sieve methods, involve bounding such sums. In general, the sums of interest fall into one of two main regimes: complete sums or incomplete sums, with this latter regime including in particular “short sums.” Short sums are particularly useful, and particularly resistant to almost all known methods. In this talk, we will see what makes a sum “short,” sketch why it would be incredibly powerful to understand short sums, and discuss a curious proof from the 1950’s which is still the best way we know to bound short sums. We will end by describing new work which extends the ideas of this curious proof to bound short sums in much more general situations.

Dean Baskin (Texas A&M)

Title: Radiation fields for wave equations

Abstract: Radiation fields are rescaled limits of solutions of wave equations near "null infinity" and capture the radiation pattern seen by a distant observer. They are intimately connected with the Fourier and Radon transforms and with scattering theory. In this talk, I will define and discuss radiation fields in a few contexts, with an emphasis on spacetimes that look flat near infinity. The main result is a connection between the asymptotic behavior of the radiation field and a family of quantum objects on an associated asymptotically hyperbolic space.

Aaron Naber (Northwestern)

Title: A structure theory for spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds.

Abstract: One should view manifolds (M^n,g) with lower Ricci curvature bounds as being those manifolds with a well behaved analysis, a point which can be rigorously stated. It thus becomes a natural question, how well behaved or badly behaved can such spaces be? This is a nonlinear analogue to asking how degenerate can a subharmonic or plurisubharmonic function look like. In this talk we give an essentially sharp answer to this question. The talk will require little background, and our time will be spent on understanding the basic statements and examples. The work discussed is joint with Cheeger, Jiang and with Li.


Past Colloquia

Blank

Fall 2018

Spring 2018

Fall 2017

Spring 2017

Fall 2016

Spring 2016

Fall 2015

Spring 2015

Fall 2014

Spring 2014

Fall 2013

Spring 2013

Fall 2012