Difference between revisions of "Dynamics Seminar 2020-2021"

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(Spring 2021)
 
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[[Image:Hawk.jpg|thumb|300px]]
 
[[Image:Hawk.jpg|thumb|300px]]
  
== Spring 2020 ==
+
== Spring 2021 ==
  
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
{| cellpadding="8"
Line 22: Line 22:
 
!align="left" | title
 
!align="left" | title
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 +
|-
 +
|February 3
 +
|Daniel Woodhouse (Oxford)
 +
|Quasi-isometric Rigidity of graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|February 10
 +
|John Mackay (Bristol)
 +
|Poincaré profiles on graphs and groups, and a coarse geometric
 +
dichotomy
 +
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
|February 17
 
|February 17
 
|Benjamin Branman (Wisconsin)
 
|Benjamin Branman (Wisconsin)
 +
|Spaces of Pants Decompositions for Surfaces of Infinite Type
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|February 24
 +
|Uri Bader (Weizmann Institute)
 +
|Totally geodesic submanifolds of hyperbolic manifolds and arithmeticity.
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|March 3
 +
|Omri Sarig (Weizmann Institute)
 +
|(Dis)continuity of Lyapunov exponents for surface diffeomorphisms (joint with J. Buzz and S. Crovisier)
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|March 10
 +
|Chris Leininger (Rice University)
 
|TBA
 
|TBA
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|-
 +
|March 17
 +
|Ethan Farber (Boston College)
 +
|TBA
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|March 24
 +
|Jon Chaika (Utah)
 +
|TBA
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|March 31
 +
|Harrison Bray (George Mason)
 +
|TBA
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|April 7
 +
|Claire Burrin (ETH Zurich)
 +
|TBA
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|April 21
 +
|Kasra Rafi (Toronto)
 +
|TBA
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|April 28
 +
|Matt Bainbridge (Indiana)
 +
|TBA
 
|}
 
|}
  
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|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
== Spring Abstracts ==
 +
 +
===Daniel Woodhouse===
 +
 +
"Quasi-isometric Rigidity of graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups"
 +
 +
Let F be a finitely rank free group.
 +
Let w_1 and w_2 be suitable random/generic elements in F.
 +
Consider the HNN extension G = <F, t | t w_1 t^{-1} = w_2 >.
 +
It is known from existing results that G will be 1-ended and hyperbolic.
 +
We have shown that G is quasi-isometrically rigid.
 +
That is to say that if a f.g. group H is quasi-isometric to G, then G and H are virtually isomorphic.
 +
The full result is for finite graphs of groups with virtually free vertex groups and and two-ended edge groups, but the statement is more technical -- not all such groups are QI-rigid.
 +
The main argument involves applying a new proof of Leighton's graph covering theorem.
 +
This is joint work with Sam Shepherd.
 +
 +
===John Mackay===
 +
 +
"Poincaré profiles on graphs and groups, and a coarse geometric
 +
dichotomy"
 +
 +
The separation profile of an infinite graph was introduced by
 +
Benjamini-Schramm-Timar.  It is a function which measures how
 +
well-connected the graph is by how hard it is to cut finite subgraphs
 +
into small pieces.  In earlier joint work with David Hume and Romain
 +
Tessera, we introduced Poincaré profiles, generalising this concept by
 +
using p-Poincaré inequalities to measure the connected-ness of
 +
subgraphs.  I will discuss this family of invariants, their applications
 +
to coarse embedding problems, and recent work finding the profiles of
 +
all connected unimodular Lie groups, where a dichotomy is exhibited.
 +
Joint with Hume and Tessera.
 +
 +
===Benjamin Branman===
 +
 +
"Spaces of Pants Decompositions for Surfaces of Infinite Type"
 +
 +
We study the pants graph of surfaces of infinite type.  When S is a surface of infinite type, the usual definition of the graph of pants decompositions  yields a graph with infinitely many connected-components.  In the first part of our talk, we study this disconnected graph.  In particular, we show that the extended mapping class group of S is isomorphic to a proper subgroup of of the pants graph, in contrast to the finite-type case. In the second part of the talk, motivated by the Metaconjecture of Ivanov, we seek to endow the pants graph with additional structure. To this end, we define a coarser topology on the pants graph than the topology inherited from the graph structure.  We show that our new space is path-connected, and that its automorphism group is isomorphic to the extended mapping class group.
 +
 +
 +
===Uri Bader===
 +
"Totally geodesic submanifolds of hyperbolic manifolds and arithmeticity."
 +
 +
Compact hyperbolic manifolds are very interesting geometric objects.
 +
Maybe surprisingly, they are also interesting from an algebraic point of view:
 +
They are completely determined by their fundamental groups (this is Mostow's Theorem),
 +
which could be seen as a subgroup of the integer valued invertible matrices in some dimension, GL_n(Z).
 +
When the fundamental group is the Z-points of some algebraic subgroup of GL_n we say that the manifold is arithmetic.
 +
A question arises: is there a simple geometric criterion for arithmeticity for hyperbolic manifolds?
 +
Such a criterion, relating arithmeticity to the existence of totally geodesic submanifolds, was conjectured by Reid and by McMullen.
 +
In a recent work with Fisher, Miller and Stover we proved this conjecture.
 +
Our proof is based on the theory of AREA, namely Algebraic Representation of Ergodic Actions, which I have developed with Alex Furman in recent years.
 +
In this talk I will try to survey the subject in a colloquial manner.
 +
 +
 +
===Omri Sarig===
 +
 +
"(Dis)continuity of Lyapunov exponents for surface diffeomorphisms" (joint with J. Buzz and S. Crovisier)"
 +
 +
Let f be an infinitely differentiable surface diffeomorphism. Suppose we are given a sequence of ergodic invariant measures m_n which converge weak star to an ergodic limit m. What do we need to know on m_n to guarantee that the Lyapunov exponents of m_n converge to the Lyapunov exponents of  m?
 +
The main result is that if m has positive entropy, and  the entropy of m_n converges to the entropy of m, then the Lyapunov exponents of m_n converge to the Lyapunov exponents of m.
 +
This is joint work with J. Buzzi and S. Crovisier.
  
 
== Fall Abstracts ==
 
== Fall Abstracts ==

Latest revision as of 20:09, 25 February 2021

The Dynamics Seminar meets virtually on Wednesdays from 2:30pm - 3:20pm.
For more information, contact Chenxi Wu. To sign up for the mailing list send an email from your wisc.edu address to dynamics+join@g-groups.wisc.edu

The zoom login info is as follows:

Join Zoom Meeting https://uwmadison.zoom.us/j/93164776780?pwd=anE2Y3RhWk1VR0lDa0hnMzhPTTJEUT09

Meeting ID: 931 6477 6780 Passcode: 819612


Hawk.jpg

Spring 2021

date speaker title host(s)
February 3 Daniel Woodhouse (Oxford) Quasi-isometric Rigidity of graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups
February 10 John Mackay (Bristol) Poincaré profiles on graphs and groups, and a coarse geometric

dichotomy

February 17 Benjamin Branman (Wisconsin) Spaces of Pants Decompositions for Surfaces of Infinite Type
February 24 Uri Bader (Weizmann Institute) Totally geodesic submanifolds of hyperbolic manifolds and arithmeticity.
March 3 Omri Sarig (Weizmann Institute) (Dis)continuity of Lyapunov exponents for surface diffeomorphisms (joint with J. Buzz and S. Crovisier)
March 10 Chris Leininger (Rice University) TBA
March 17 Ethan Farber (Boston College) TBA
March 24 Jon Chaika (Utah) TBA
March 31 Harrison Bray (George Mason) TBA
April 7 Claire Burrin (ETH Zurich) TBA
April 21 Kasra Rafi (Toronto) TBA
April 28 Matt Bainbridge (Indiana) TBA

Fall 2020

date speaker title host(s)
September 16 Andrew Zimmer (Wisconsin) An introduction to Anosov representations I
September 23 Andrew Zimmer (Wisconsin) An introduction to Anosov representations II
September 30 Chenxi Wu (Wisconsin) Asymptoic translation lengths on curve complexes and free factor complexes
October 7 Kathryn Lindsey (Boston College) Slices of Thurston's Master Teapot
October 14 Daniel Thompson (Ohio State) Strong ergodic properties for equilibrium states in non-positive curvature
October 21 Giulio Tiozzo (Toronto) Metrics on trees, laminations, and core entropy
October 28 No talk No talk
November 4 Clark Butler (Princeton) "Unbounded uniformizations of Grkmov hyperbolic spaces"
November 11 Subhadip Dey (Yale) Patterson-Sullivan measures for Anosov subgroups
November 18 Nattalie Tamam (UCSD) Effective equidistribution of horospherical flows in infinite volume
November 25 Tariq Osman (Queens) Limit Theorems for Quadratic Weyl Sums
December 2 Wenyu Pan (Chicago) Exponential mixing of geodesic flows for geometrically finite hyperbolic manifolds with cusps

Spring Abstracts

Daniel Woodhouse

"Quasi-isometric Rigidity of graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups"

Let F be a finitely rank free group. Let w_1 and w_2 be suitable random/generic elements in F. Consider the HNN extension G = <F, t | t w_1 t^{-1} = w_2 >. It is known from existing results that G will be 1-ended and hyperbolic. We have shown that G is quasi-isometrically rigid. That is to say that if a f.g. group H is quasi-isometric to G, then G and H are virtually isomorphic. The full result is for finite graphs of groups with virtually free vertex groups and and two-ended edge groups, but the statement is more technical -- not all such groups are QI-rigid. The main argument involves applying a new proof of Leighton's graph covering theorem. This is joint work with Sam Shepherd.

John Mackay

"Poincaré profiles on graphs and groups, and a coarse geometric dichotomy"

The separation profile of an infinite graph was introduced by Benjamini-Schramm-Timar. It is a function which measures how well-connected the graph is by how hard it is to cut finite subgraphs into small pieces. In earlier joint work with David Hume and Romain Tessera, we introduced Poincaré profiles, generalising this concept by using p-Poincaré inequalities to measure the connected-ness of subgraphs. I will discuss this family of invariants, their applications to coarse embedding problems, and recent work finding the profiles of all connected unimodular Lie groups, where a dichotomy is exhibited. Joint with Hume and Tessera.

Benjamin Branman

"Spaces of Pants Decompositions for Surfaces of Infinite Type"

We study the pants graph of surfaces of infinite type.  When S is a surface of infinite type, the usual definition of the graph of pants decompositions  yields a graph with infinitely many connected-components.  In the first part of our talk, we study this disconnected graph.  In particular, we show that the extended mapping class group of S is isomorphic to a proper subgroup of of the pants graph, in contrast to the finite-type case. In the second part of the talk, motivated by the Metaconjecture of Ivanov, we seek to endow the pants graph with additional structure. To this end, we define a coarser topology on the pants graph than the topology inherited from the graph structure.  We show that our new space is path-connected, and that its automorphism group is isomorphic to the extended mapping class group.


Uri Bader

"Totally geodesic submanifolds of hyperbolic manifolds and arithmeticity."

Compact hyperbolic manifolds are very interesting geometric objects. Maybe surprisingly, they are also interesting from an algebraic point of view: They are completely determined by their fundamental groups (this is Mostow's Theorem), which could be seen as a subgroup of the integer valued invertible matrices in some dimension, GL_n(Z). When the fundamental group is the Z-points of some algebraic subgroup of GL_n we say that the manifold is arithmetic. A question arises: is there a simple geometric criterion for arithmeticity for hyperbolic manifolds? Such a criterion, relating arithmeticity to the existence of totally geodesic submanifolds, was conjectured by Reid and by McMullen. In a recent work with Fisher, Miller and Stover we proved this conjecture. Our proof is based on the theory of AREA, namely Algebraic Representation of Ergodic Actions, which I have developed with Alex Furman in recent years. In this talk I will try to survey the subject in a colloquial manner.


Omri Sarig

"(Dis)continuity of Lyapunov exponents for surface diffeomorphisms" (joint with J. Buzz and S. Crovisier)"

Let f be an infinitely differentiable surface diffeomorphism. Suppose we are given a sequence of ergodic invariant measures m_n which converge weak star to an ergodic limit m. What do we need to know on m_n to guarantee that the Lyapunov exponents of m_n converge to the Lyapunov exponents of m? The main result is that if m has positive entropy, and the entropy of m_n converges to the entropy of m, then the Lyapunov exponents of m_n converge to the Lyapunov exponents of m. This is joint work with J. Buzzi and S. Crovisier.

Fall Abstracts

Andrew Zimmer

"An introduction to Anosov representations"

Anosov representations are a special class of representations of finitely generated groups into Lie groups, which are defined using ideas from dynamics (namely, the theory of Anosov flows). In this talk, I will explain the definition (in a special case), give some examples, and describe some properties. I will focus on the case of representations into the general linear group where no background knowledge about Lie groups is required.


Chenxi Wu

"Asymptotic translation lengths on curve complexes and free factor complexes"

The curve complex of a closed surface is a simplicial complex where the vertices are simple closed curves up to isotopy and faces are curves that are disjoint, and an analogy for the curve complex in the setting of Out(F_n) is the free factor complex. A pseudo-Anosov map induces a map from the curve graph to itself, and a basic question is to study the asymptotic translation length which is known to be a non-zero rational number. I will review some prior results on the study of this asymptotic translation length, as well as some of their analogies in the setting of free factor complexes. The latter part is an ongoing project with Hyrungryul Baik and Dongryul Kim. Slides


Kathryn Lindsey

"Slices of Thurston's Master Teapot"

Thurston's Master Teapot is the closure of the set of all points $(z,\lambda) \in \mathbb{C} \times \mathbb{R}$ such that $\lambda$ is the growth rate of a critically periodic unimodal self-map of an interval and $z$ is a Galois conjugate of $\lambda$. I will present a new characterization of which points are in this set. This characterization gives a way to think of each horizontal slice of the Master Teapot as an analogy of the Mandelbrot set for a "restricted iterated function system." An application of this characterization is that the Master Teapot is not invariant under the map $(z,\lambda) \mapsto (-z,\lambda)$. This presentation is based on joint work with Chenxi Wu.


Daniel Thompson

"Strong ergodic properties for equilibrium states in non-positive curvature"

Equilibrium states for geodesic flows over compact rank 1 manifolds and sufficiently regular potential functions were studied by Burns, Climenhaga, Fisher and myself. We showed that if the higher rank set does not carry full topological pressure then the equilibrium state is unique. In this talk, I will describe some recent results on the dynamical properties of these unique equilibrium states. We show that these equilibrium states have the Kolmogorov property (joint with Ben Call), and that approximations of the equilibrium states by regular closed geodesics asymptotically satisfy a type of Central Limit Theorem (joint with Tianyu Wang).

Giulio Tiozzo

"Metrics on trees, laminations, and core entropy"

The notion of core entropy, defined as the entropy of the restriction to the Hubbard tree, was formulated by W. Thurston to produce a combinatorial invariant which captures the topological complexity of polynomial Julia sets and varies in a rich fractal way over parameter space.

Core entropy has been so far defined by looking at a Markov partition on the tree, or by a combinatorial construction involving infinite graphs. We will introduce a new interpretation of core entropy based on metrics on trees and, dually, on transverse measures on laminations defining the Julia set.

On the one hand, this will define a new notion of transverse measures on quadratic laminations, completing the analogy with laminations on surfaces on the “other side” of Sullivan’s dictionary. Moreover, this is also related to a question of Milnor on a piecewise-linear analogue of Thurston iteration on Teichmueller space.

Clark Butler

"Unbounded uniformizations of Grkmov hyperbolic spaces"

In a fundamental work Bonk, Heinonen, and Koskela established a conformal correspondence between Gromov hyperbolic spaces and bounded uniform spaces (satisfying certain additional hypotheses) that generalized the classical conformal correspondence between the Euclidean unit disk and the hyperbolic plane. We prove a similar conformal correspondence between Gromov hyperbolic spaces and unbounded uniform spaces that extends the correspondence between the Euclidean upper half plane and the hyperbolic plane. Our primary application of this uniformization procedure is to extend a number of recent results of Bjorn-Bjorn-Shanmugalingam for Besov spaces on compact metric spaces to Besov spaces on proper metric spaces. These results are derived through a Patterson-Sullivan-esque construction by realizing certain measures on these metric spaces as the boundary values of measures on uniformized Gromov hyperbolic spaces having these metric spaces as their boundaries.

Subhadip Dey

"Patterson-Sullivan measures for Anosov subgroups"

Patterson-Sullivan measures were introduced by Patterson (1976) and Sullivan (1979) to study the Kleinian groups and their limit sets. In this talk, we discuss an extension of this classical construction for $P$-Anosov subgroups $\Gamma$ of $G$, where $G$ is a real semisimple Lie group and $P<G$ is a parabolic subgroup. In parallel with the theory for Kleinian groups, we will discuss how one can understand the Hausdorff dimension of the limit set of $\Gamma$ in terms of a certain critical exponent. This is a joint work with Michael Kapovich.

Nattalie Tamam

"Effective equidistribution of horospherical flows in infinite volume"

Horospherical flows in homogeneous spaces have been studied intensively over the last several decades and have many surprising applications in various fields. Many basic results are under the assumption that the volume of the space is finite, which is crucial as many basic ergodic theorems fail in the setting of an infinite measure space.In the talk we will discuss the infinite volume setting, and specifically, when can we expect horospherical orbits to equidistribute. Our goal will be to provide an effective equidistribution result, with polynomial rate, for horospherical orbits in the frame bundle of certain infinite volume hyperbolic manifolds. This is a joint work with Jacqueline Warren.

Tariq Osman

"Limit Theorems for Quadratic Weyl Sums"

Consider exponential sums of the form $S_N(x, \alpha) := \sum_{n = 1}^{N}e(1/2 n^2 x + n\alpha)$, known as quadratic Weyl sums. We will use homogeneous dynamics to establish a limiting distribution for $\frac{1}{\sqrt N} |S_N(x, \alpha)|$, when $\alpha$ is a fixed rational, and $x$ is chosen uniformly from the unit interval. Time permitting, we will study the tails of the limiting distribution to show that this is not the central limit theorem in disguise. (This is joint work with Francesco Cellarosi)

Wenyu Pan

"Exponential mixing of geodesic flows for geometrically finite hyperbolic manifolds with cusps"

Let $\mathbb{H}^n$ be the hyperbolic $n$-space and $\Gamma$ be a geometrically finite discrete subgroup in $\operatorname{Isom}_{+}(\mathbb{H}^n)$ with parabolic elements. In the joint work with Jialun LI, we establish exponential mixing of the geodesic flow over the unit tangent bundle $T^1(\Gamma\backslash \mathbb{H}^n)$ with respect to the Bowen-Margulis-Sullivan measure. Our approach is to construct coding for the geodesic flow and then prove a Dolgopyat-type spectral estimate for the corresponding transfer operator. In the talk, I am planning to explain the construction of the coding. I will also discuss the application of obtaining a resonance-free region for the resolvent on $\Gamma\backslash \mathbb{H}^n$.