Difference between revisions of "Geometry and Topology Seminar"

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Traditionally, the [[Geometry and Topology]] seminar meets in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm.
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The [[Geometry and Topology]] seminar meets in room '''901 of Van Vleck Hall''' on '''Fridays''' from '''1:20pm - 2:10pm'''.
<br> In Spring of 2016, the seminar will meet on '''Thursdays''' at 2:25PM in B 231 of Van Vleck. <br>
+
<br>  
For more information, contact [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Tullia Dymarz] or [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~kjuchukova Alexandra Kjuchukova].
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For more information, contact Shaosai Huang.
  
 
[[Image:Hawk.jpg|thumb|300px]]
 
[[Image:Hawk.jpg|thumb|300px]]
  
<!-- == Summer 2015 ==
 
  
  
{| cellpadding="8"
 
!align="left" | date
 
!align="left" | speaker
 
!align="left" | title
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|<b>June 23 at 2pm in Van Vleck 901</b>
 
| [http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/maths/people/staff/david_epstein/ David Epstein] (Warwick)
 
| [[#David Epstein (Warwick) |''Splines and manifolds.'']]
 
| Hirsch
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
== Summer Abstracts ==
 
 
===David Epstein (Warwick)===
 
''Splines and manifolds.''
 
 
[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~rkent/Abstract.Epstein.2015.pdf Abstract (pdf)]
 
 
-->
 
 
 
<!-- Spring 2016: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_Spring_2016]]
 
<br><br> -->
 
 
== Spring 2016 ==
 
  
In Spring of 2016, the seminar will meet on Thursdays at 2:25PM in B 231 of Van Vleck.
+
== Fall 2019 ==
 
  
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
{| cellpadding="8"
Line 45: Line 16:
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|-
|January 21
+
|Oct. 4
|  
+
|Ruobing Zhang (Stony Brook University)
|  
+
| Geometric analysis of collapsing Calabi-Yau spaces
|  
+
|(Chen)
 
|-
 
|-
|January 28
 
| [http://web.csulb.edu/~rblair/ Ryan Blair] (CSULB)
 
| [[#Ryan Blair|''Distance and Exceptional Surgeries on Knots'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~kjuchukova Kjuchukova]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|February 4
+
|Oct. 25  
|
+
|Emily Stark (Utah)
|
+
| TBA
+
|(Dymarz)
|-
 
|February 11
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~wang Botong Wang] (UW Madison)
 
| [[#Botong Wang|''A family of Symplectic-Complex Calabi-Yau Manifolds that are NonKahler'']]
 
| (local)
 
|-
 
|February 18
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|February 25
 
| [https://www.math.purdue.edu/~psolapur/ Partha Solapurkar] (Purdue University)
 
| [[#Partha Solapurkar|''Some new surfaces of general type with maximal Picard number'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~wang Botong Wang]
 
|-
 
|March 3
 
| [https://math.la.asu.edu/~kotschwar/ Brett Kotschwar] (Arizona State University)
 
| [[#Brett Kotschwar|''TBA'']]
 
| [https://sites.google.com/a/wisc.edu/lu-wang/ L. Wang]
 
|-
 
|Friday March 4 (1:20-2:10pm in VV B211)
 
| [http://homepages.math.uic.edu/~cantrell/ Mike Cantrell] (UIC)
 
| [[#Mike Cantrell|''TBA'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|Wednesday March 9 (1:20-2:10pm in VV B211)
 
| [http://www.uncg.edu/~t_fernos/ Talia Fernos] (Greensboro)
 
| [[#Talia Fernos|''TBA'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|March 10
 
| [https://guests.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/pcahn/ Patricia Cahn] (Max Planck)
 
| [[#Patricia Cahn|''TBA'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~kjuchukova Kjuchukova]
 
|-
 
|March 17
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|Friday March 18 (1:20-2:10pm in VV B211)
 
| [http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~spatzier/ Ralf Spatzier] (UMichigan)
 
| [[#Ralf Spatzier|''TBA'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|March 24
 
| Spring Break
 
|
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
|March 31
+
|Nov. 8
| [http://www.math.mcgill.ca/node/7171 Jingyin Huang] (McGill University)
+
|Max Forester (University of Oklahoma)
| [[#Jingyin Huang|"TBA"]]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|April 7
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|April 14
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|April 21
 
| [http://personal.bgsu.edu/~xiex/ Xiangdong Xie] (Bowling Green University)
 
| [[#Xiangdong Xie|"TBA"]]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|April 28
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|May 5
 
| [https://people.math.osu.edu/kennedy.28/ Gary Kennedy] (Ohio State University)
 
 
| TBA
 
| TBA
| Gonzalez Villa
+
|(Dymarz)
|-
 
|
 
|}
 
 
 
== Spring Abstracts ==
 
 
 
===Ryan Blair===
 
 
 
''Distance and Exceptional Surgeries on Knots''
 
 
 
Distance is a measure of complexity for a bicompressible surface in a 3-manifold which is defined using the curve complex for the surface. Recently, distance has been used to better understand Dehn surgery on knots in 3-manifolds. In particular, I will present results which show that knots with high distance surfaces do not admit non-hyperbolic surgeries or cosmetic surgeries. Applications to the cabling conjecture and the Berge conjecture will also be discussed.
 
 
 
===Partha Solapurkar===
 
 
 
''Some new surfaces of general type with maximal Picard number''
 
 
 
The Picard number $ \rho(X) $ of a surface $ X $ is the rank of its Neron-Severi group. It is bounded above by the Hodge number $ h^{11}(X) $. We say that a surface has maximal Picard number if it has the largest possible Picard number: $ \rho(X) = h^{11}(X) $. In 1972, Shioda constructed elliptic modular surfaces and among other things, proved that they have maximal Picard number. Our first idea is to take elliptic modular surfaces and replace each elliptic curve with a canonically constructed genus 2 curve. Under nice circumstances the resulting surfaces do indeed have maximal Picard number. There is also a second set of examples that arise as the total space of the moduli space of quaternionic Shimura curves. This is joint work with my advisor Prof. D. Arapura.
 
 
 
===Botong Wang===
 
 
 
''A family of Symplectic-Complex Calabi-Yau Manifolds that are NonKahler''
 
 
 
A Kahler manifold is a smooth manifold with compatible complex and symplectic structures. In general, a compact manifold which admits both complex and symplectic structures may not admit any Kahler structure. Hodge theory and hard Lefschetz theorem have very strong implications on the homotopy type of compact Kahler manifolds. We introduce a family of 6-dimensional compact manifolds $M(A)$, which admit both Calabi-Yau symplectic and Calabi-Yau complex structures. They satisfy all the consequences of classical Hodge theory and hard Lefschetz theorem. However, we show that they are not homotopy equivalent to any compact Kahler manifold using a recently developed cohomology jump loci method. This is joint work with Lizhen Qin.
 
 
 
== Fall 2015==
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
!align="left" | date
 
!align="left" | speaker
 
!align="left" | title
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|September 4
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|September 11
 
| [https://uwm.edu/math/people/tran-hung-1/ Hung Tran] (UW Milwaukee)
 
| [[#Hung Tran|''Relative divergence, subgroup distortion, and geodesic divergence'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz T. Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|September 18
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz Tullia Dymarz] (UW Madison)
 
| [[#Tullia Dymarz|''Non-rectifiable Delone sets in amenable groups'']]
 
| (local)
 
|-
 
|September 25
 
| [https://jpwolfson.wordpress.com/ Jesse Wolfson] (Uchicago)
 
| [[#Jesse Wolfson|''Counting Problems and Homological Stability'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~mmwood/ M. Matchett Wood]
 
|-
 
|October 2
 
| [https://riemann.unizar.es/~jicogo/ Jose Ignacio Cogolludo Agustín] (University of Zaragoza, Spain)
 
| [[#Jose Ignacio Cogolludo Agustín|''Topology of curve complements and combinatorial aspects'']]
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim L. Maxim]
 
|-
 
|October 9
 
| [http://people.brandeis.edu/~mcordes/ Matthew Cordes] (Brandeis)
 
| [[#Matthew Cordes|''Morse boundaries of geodesic metric spaces'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~dymarz T. Dymarz]
 
|-
 
|October 16
 
| [http://www.math.jhu.edu/~bernstein/ Jacob Bernstein] (Johns Hopkins University)
 
| [[#Jacob Bernstein (Johns Hopkins University)|''Hypersurfaces of low entropy'']]
 
| [http://www.sites.google.com/a/wisc.edu/lu-wang/ L. Wang]
 
|-
 
|October 23
 
| [https://sites.google.com/a/wisc.edu/ysu/ Yun Su] (UW Madison)
 
| [[#Yun Su (Brandeis)|''Higher-order degrees of hypersurface complements.'']]
 
| (local)
 
|-
 
|October 30
 
| [http://www.math.stonybrook.edu/phd-student-directory Gao Chen] (Stony Brook University)
 
| [[#Gao Chen(Stony Brook University)|''Classification of gravitational instantons '']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~bwang B.Wang]
 
|-
 
|November 6
 
| [http://scholar.harvard.edu/gardiner Dan Cristofaro-Gardiner] (Harvard)
 
| [[#Dan Cristofaro-Gardiner|''Higher-dimensional symplectic embeddings and the Fibonacci staircase'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~kjuchukova Kjuchukova]
 
|
 
|-
 
|November 13
 
| [http://people.brandeis.edu/~ruberman/ Danny Ruberman] (Brandeis)
 
| [[#Danny Ruberman|''Configurations of embedded spheres'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~kjuchukova Kjuchukova]
 
|
 
|-
 
|November 20
 
| [https://www.math.toronto.edu/cms/izosimov-anton/ Anton Izosimov] (University of Toronto)
 
| [[#Anton Izosimov (University of Toronto)|''Stability for the multidimensional rigid body and singular curves'']]
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maribeff/ Mari-Beffa]
 
|-
 
|Thanksgiving Recess
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|December 4
 
| [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~westrich/ Quinton Westrich] (UW Madison)
 
| [[#Quinton Westrich|''Harmonic Chern Forms on Polarized Kähler Manifolds'']]
 
| (local)
 
 
|-
 
|-
|December 11
+
|Nov. 22
|[http://kaihowong.weebly.com/ Tommy Wong] (UW Madison)
+
|Yu Li (Stony Brook University)
| [[#Tommy Wong|''Milnor Fiber of Complex Hyperplane Arrangement'']]
+
|On the structure of Ricci shrinkers
| (local)
+
|(Huang)
 
|-
 
|-
|
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Fall Abstracts ==
+
==Fall Abstracts==
 
 
 
 
===Hung Tran===
 
''Relative divergence, subgroup distortion, and geodesic divergence''
 
 
 
In my presentation, I introduce three new invariants for pairs $(G;H)$ consisting of a finitely generated group $G$ and a subgroup $H$. The first invariant is the upper relative divergence which generalizes Gersten's notion of divergence. The second invariant is the lower relative divergence which generalizes a definition of Cooper-Mihalik. The third invariant is the lower subgroup distortion which parallels the standard notion
 
of subgroup distortion. We examine the relative divergence (both upper and lower) of a group with respect to a normal subgroup or a cyclic subgroup. We also explore relative divergence of $CAT(0)$ groups and relatively hyperbolic groups with respect to various subgroups to better understand geometric properties of these groups. We answer the question of Behrstock and Drutu about the existence of Morse geodesics in $CAT(0)$ spaces with divergence function strictly greater than $r^n$ and strictly less than $r^{n+1}$, where $n$ is an integer greater than $1$. More precisely, we show that for each real number $s>2$, there is a $CAT(0)$ space $X$ with a proper and cocompact action of some finitely generated group such that $X$ contains a Morse bi-infinite geodesic with the divergence equivalent to $r^s$.
 
 
 
 
 
===Tullia Dymarz===
 
''Non-rectifiable Delone sets in amenable groups''
 
 
 
In 1998 Burago-Kleiner and McMullen constructed the first
 
examples of coarsely dense and uniformly discrete subsets of R^n that are
 
not biLipschitz equivalent to the standard lattice Z^n. Similarly we
 
find subsets inside the three dimensional solvable Lie group SOL that are
 
not bilipschitz to any lattice in SOL. The techniques involve combining
 
ideas from Burago-Kleiner with quasi-isometric rigidity results from
 
geometric group theory.
 
 
 
===Jesse Wolfson===
 
''Counting Problems and Homological Stability''
 
 
 
In 1969, Arnold showed that the i^{th} homology of the space of un-ordered configurations of n points in the plane becomes independent of n for n>>i. A decade later, Segal extended Arnold's method to show that the i^{th} homology of the space of degree n holomorphic maps from \mathbb{P}^1 to itself also becomes independent of n for large n, and, moreover, that both sequences of spaces have the same limiting homology. We explain how, using Weil's number field/function field dictionary, one might have predicted this topological coincidence from easily verifiable statements about specific counting problems.  We then discuss ongoing joint work with Benson Farb and Melanie Wood in which we use other counting problems to predict and discover new instances of homological stability in the topology of complex manifolds.
 
 
 
 
 
===Matthew Cordes===
 
''Morse boundaries of geodesic metric spaces''
 
 
 
I will introduce a new type of boundary for proper geodesic spaces, called the Morse boundary, that is constructed with equivalence classes of geodesic rays that identify the ``hyperbolic directions" in that space. (A ray is Morse if quasi-geodesics with endpoints on the ray stay bounded distance from the ray.) This boundary is a quasi-isometry invariant and a visibility space. In the case of a proper CAT(0) space the Morse boundary generalizes the contracting boundary of Charney and Sultan and in the case of a proper Gromov hyperbolic space this boundary is the Gromov boundary. Time permitting I will also discuss some results on Morse boundary of the mapping class group and briefly describe joint work with David Hume developing a capacity dimension for the Morse boundary.
 
 
 
===Anton Izosimov===
 
''Stability for the multidimensional rigid body and singular curves''
 
 
 
A classical result of Euler says that the rotation of a
 
torque-free 3-dimensional rigid body about the short or the long axis is
 
stable, while the rotation about the middle axis is unstable. I will
 
present a multidimensional generalization of this result and explain how
 
it can be proved using some basic algebraic geometry of singular curves.
 
 
 
===Jacob Bernstein===
 
''Hypersurfaces of low entropy''
 
 
 
The entropy is a quantity introduced by Colding and Minicozzi and may be thought of as a rough measure of the geometric complexity of a hypersurface of Euclidean space.  It is closely related to the mean curvature flow.  On the one hand, the entropy controls the dynamics of the flow. On the other hand, the mean curvature flow may be used to study the entropy.  In this talk I will survey some recent results with Lu Wang that show that hypersurfaces of low entropy really are simple.
 
  
===Yun Su===
+
===Ruobing Zhang===
''Higher-order degrees of hypersurface complements.''
 
  
===Gao Chen===
+
This talk centers on the degenerations of Calabi-Yau metrics. We will focus on the interactions between algebraic degenerations and metric convergence with highly singular behaviors in the collapsing case. As the complex structures degenerate, the collapsing Calabi-Yau metrics may exhibit various wild geometric properties with highly non-algebraic features.
''Classification of gravitational instantons''
 
  
A gravitational instanton is a noncompact complete hyperkahler manifold of real dimension 4 with faster than quadratic curvature decay. In this talk, I will discuss the recent work towards the classification of gravitational instantons. This is a joint work with X. X. Chen.
+
First, as motivating examples, we will describe our recent results on the new collapsing mechanisms of K3 surfaces. Next, we will switch to higher dimensions and we will exhibit some entirely new constructions of degenerating Calabi-Yau metrics which are expected to work in broader contexts. Complex structures degeneration will be accurately characterized by the bubbling and singularity analysis in a geometric manner.
  
===Dan Cristofaro-Gardiner===
+
===Emily Stark===
''Higher-dimensional symplectic embeddings and the Fibonacci staircase''
 
  
McDuff and Schlenk determined when a four dimensional symplectic ellipsoid can be embedded into a ball, and found that when the ellipsoid is close to round, the answer is given by an infinite staircase determined by the odd-index Fibonacci numbers.  I will explain joint work with Richard Hind, showing that a generalization of this holds in all even dimensions.
+
"TBA"
  
===Danny Ruberman===
+
===Max Forester===
''Configurations of embedded spheres''
 
  
Configurations of lines in the plane have been studied since antiquity. In recent years, combinatorial methods have been used to decide if a specified incidence relation between certain objects ("lines") and other objects ("points") can be realized by actual points and lines in a projective plane over a field. For the real and complex fields, one can weaken the condition to look for topologically embedded lines (circles in the real case, spheres in the complex case) that meet according to a specified incidence relation. I will explain some joint work with Laura Starkston (Stanford) giving new topological restrictions on the realization of configurations of spheres in the complex projective plane.
+
“TBA”
  
===Quinton Westerich===
+
===Yu Li===
 
+
We develop a structure theory for non-collapsed Ricci shrinkers without any curvature condition. As an application, we show that any Ricci shrinker whose second eigenvalue of the curvature operator is positive must be a quotient of sphere.
''Harmonic Chern Forms on Polarized Kähler Manifolds''
 
 
 
Abstract: The higher K-energies are functionals whose critical points 
 
give Kähler metrics with harmonic Chern forms. In this talk, we relate 
 
the higher K-energies to discriminants and use the theory of stable 
 
pairs to obtain results on their boundedness and asymptotics.
 
 
 
 
 
===Tommy Wong===
 
 
 
''Milnor Fiber of Complex Hyperplane Arrangement''
 
 
 
The existence of Milnor fibration creates rooms and provides a platform to discuss the topology of complex algebraic varieties. In this talk, the study of hyperplane arrangements will be specified.
 
Many open questions have been raised subject to the Milnor fiber of the mentioned fibration. For instance,while the homology of the arrangement complement can be described by the Orlik-Soloman Algebra, which is combinatorically determined by the intersection poset, it has been conjectured that the poset also determines the homology of the Milnor fiber.
 
There are active work on this open conjecture, especially in C^3. Several classical results will be mentioned in the talk. A joint work with Su, serving as an improvement of some of the classical work, will also be briefly described.
 
  
 
== Archive of past Geometry seminars ==
 
== Archive of past Geometry seminars ==
 
+
2018-2019  [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2018-2019]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2017-2018 [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2017-2018]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2016-2017  [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2016-2017]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2015-2016: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2015-2016]]
 +
<br><br>
 
2014-2015: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015]]
 
2014-2015: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015]]
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>

Latest revision as of 22:01, 24 September 2019

The Geometry and Topology seminar meets in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm.
For more information, contact Shaosai Huang.

Hawk.jpg



Fall 2019

date speaker title host(s)
Oct. 4 Ruobing Zhang (Stony Brook University) Geometric analysis of collapsing Calabi-Yau spaces (Chen)
Oct. 25 Emily Stark (Utah) TBA (Dymarz)
Nov. 8 Max Forester (University of Oklahoma) TBA (Dymarz)
Nov. 22 Yu Li (Stony Brook University) On the structure of Ricci shrinkers (Huang)

Fall Abstracts

Ruobing Zhang

This talk centers on the degenerations of Calabi-Yau metrics. We will focus on the interactions between algebraic degenerations and metric convergence with highly singular behaviors in the collapsing case. As the complex structures degenerate, the collapsing Calabi-Yau metrics may exhibit various wild geometric properties with highly non-algebraic features.

First, as motivating examples, we will describe our recent results on the new collapsing mechanisms of K3 surfaces. Next, we will switch to higher dimensions and we will exhibit some entirely new constructions of degenerating Calabi-Yau metrics which are expected to work in broader contexts. Complex structures degeneration will be accurately characterized by the bubbling and singularity analysis in a geometric manner.

Emily Stark

"TBA"

Max Forester

“TBA”

Yu Li

We develop a structure theory for non-collapsed Ricci shrinkers without any curvature condition. As an application, we show that any Ricci shrinker whose second eigenvalue of the curvature operator is positive must be a quotient of sphere.

Archive of past Geometry seminars

2018-2019 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2018-2019

2017-2018 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2017-2018

2016-2017 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2016-2017

2015-2016: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2015-2016

2014-2015: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015

2013-2014: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2013-2014

2012-2013: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2012-2013

2011-2012: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2011-2012

2010: Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology