# Geometry and Topology Seminar 2019-2020

The Geometry and Topology seminar meets in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm.

For more information, contact Richard Kent.

## Contents

- 1 Fall 2014
- 2 Fall Abstracts
- 2.1 Yuanqi Wang
- 2.2 Chris Davis (UW-Eau Claire)
- 2.3 Ben Knudsen (Northwestern)
- 2.4 Kevin Whyte (UIC)
- 2.5 Alden Walker (UChicago)
- 2.6 Jing Tao (Oklahoma)
- 2.7 Thomas Barthelmé (Penn State)
- 2.8 Alexandra Kjuchukova (University of Pennsylvania)
- 2.9 Oyku Yurttas (Georgia Tech)
- 2.10 Jenya Sapir (UIUC)
- 2.11 Sean Li (UChicago)

- 3 Spring 2015
- 4 Spring Abstracts
- 5 Archive of past Geometry seminars

## Fall 2014

## Fall Abstracts

### Yuanqi Wang

*Liouville theorem for complex Monge-Ampere equations with conic singularities.*

Following Calabi, Pogorelov, Evans-Krylov-Safanov, and Trudinger's pioneer work on interior regularities and liouville theorems for Monge-Ampere equations, we prove the Liouville theorem for conic Kähler-Ricci flat metrics. We also discuss various applications of this Liouville theorem to conic Kähler geometry.

### Chris Davis (UW-Eau Claire)

*L ^{2} signatures and an example of Cochran-Harvey-Leidy*

### Ben Knudsen (Northwestern)

*Rational homology of configuration spaces via factorization homology*

The study of configuration spaces is particularly tractable over a field of characteristic zero, and much effort has gone into producing chain complexes simple enough for explicit computations, formulas for Betti numbers, and homological stability results. I will discuss recent work identifying the homology of the configuration spaces of an arbitrary manifold M with the homology of a certain Lie algebra constructed from the compactly supported cohomology of M. The aforementioned results follow immediately from this identification, albeit with hypotheses removed; in particular, one obtains a new, elementary proof of homological stability for configuration spaces.

### Kevin Whyte (UIC)

The rigidity theorems of Mostow and Margulis for lattices in semi simple Lie groups are some of the most celebrated in their field, and are motivation for much of geometric group theory. Mostow's result, which states that every isomorphism between lattices extends to an equivariant isometry between symmetric spaces, has been generalized by Kleiner and Leeb to say that any map between higher rank symmetric spaces which is quasi-isometric (a large scale version of bilipschitz) is actually a perturbation of an isometry. Margulis' superrigidity theorem, which says every homomorphism between lattices which has infinite image extends to an equivariant isometric embedding of symmetric spaces, has resisted a generalization of this sort. We will discuss one such result, which considers when quasi-isometric embeddings of symmetric spaces are near isometric embeddings. Our results show that the situation is complicated - in some cases one does have rigidity while in others there are exotic quasi-isometric embeddings. What geometric properties distinguish the two cases is only starting to be understood. This is joint work with David Fisher (Indiana).

### Alden Walker (UChicago)

In 1985, Barnsley and Harrington defined a "Mandlebrot set" M for pairs of complex dilations. This is the set of complex numbers c such that the limit set generated by the pair of dilations x-> cx+1 and x-> cx-1 is connected. The set M is also the closure of the set of roots of polynomials with coefficients in {-1,0,1}. As with the usual Mandlebrot set, M has strong connections to dynamics and algebra, and it has been studied by Bousch, Bandt, Solomyak, Xu, Thurston, and Tiozzo. For a geometric group theorist, the study of M is qualitatively similar to the study of Kleinian groups acting on their limit sets or on universal circles.

Barnsley and Harrington noted the (numerically apparent) existence of infinitely many "holes" in M, which correspond to exotic components of the space of Schottky semigroups. Bandt rigorously confirmed a single hole in 2002 and conjectured that the interior of M is dense in M away from the real axis. We give the new technique of "traps" to certify an interior point of M, and we use these traps to prove Bandt's conjecture and certify the existence of infinitely many holes in M.

The only prerequisite for this talk is point-set topology. Fun pictures will be provided. This is joint work with Danny Calegari and Sarah Koch.

### Jing Tao (Oklahoma)

*Growth Tight Actions*

Let G be a group equipped with a finite generating set S. G is called growth tight if its exponential growth rate relative to S is strictly greater than that of every quotient G/N with N infinite. This notion was first introduced by Grigorchuk and de la Harpe. Examples of groups that are growth tight include free groups relative to bases and, more generally, hyperbolic groups relative to any generating set. In this talk, I will provide some sufficient conditions for growth tightness which encompass all previous known examples.

### Thomas Barthelmé (Penn State)

*Counting orbits of Anosov flows in free homotopy classes*

In 1972, Plante and Thurston asked the following question: If M is a manifold supporting an Anosov flow, does the number of conjugacy classes in the fundamental group grows exponentially fast with the length of the shortest orbit representative? This question can be solved by answering the following: Can one give an upper bound on the growth rate of the length of orbits inside a free homotopy class?

In this talk, I will explain how one can use the geometry and topology of Anosov flows to answer both questions in the 3-manifold case. This is joint work with Sergio Fenley.

### Alexandra Kjuchukova (University of Pennsylvania)

*On the classification of irregular branched covers of four-manifolds*

It is a famous result of Hilden and Montesinos that every closed orientable three-manifold can be realized as an irregular three-fold cover of S^3 branched over a knot. In contrast, a smooth four-manifold which can be realized as a cover of S^4 branched over a smooth surface must have signature equal to zero. Given two simply-connected, closed, oriented four-manifolds X and Y and a surface B embedded in X with an isolated singularity, I will prove a necessary condition for the existence of an irregular dihedral branched covering map f: Y -> X with branching set B. Conversely, given a simply-connected oriented closed four-manifold X, I will outline a construction realizing as irregular dihedral covers of X infinitely many (and conjecturally all) of the manifolds Y afforded by the necessary condition.

### Oyku Yurttas (Georgia Tech)

*Dynnikov and train track transition matrices of pseudo-Anosov braids*

In this talk we will compare a *Dynnikov matrix* with the train track transition matrix of a given pseudo-Anosov braid on the finitely punctured disk. Our main result is that these matrices are isospectral up to roots of unity and some zeros under particular conditions.

### Jenya Sapir (UIUC)

*TBA*

### Sean Li (UChicago)

*Coarse differentiation of Lipschitz functions*

Bates, Johnson, Lindenstrauss, Preiss, and Schechtman introduced a notion of large scale differentiation for Lipschitz functions between normed linear spaces. We discuss an extension of this result to the nonabelian setting of Carnot groups and use it to derive quantitative estimates for nonembeddability of such groups into certain classes of metric spaces.

## Spring 2015

date | speaker | title | host(s) |
---|---|---|---|

January 23 | |||

January 30 | |||

February 6 | |||

February 13 | |||

February 20 | |||

February 27 | |||

March 6 | |||

March 13 | |||

March 20 | |||

March 27 | |||

Spring Break | |||

April 10 | |||

April 17 | |||

April 24 | |||

May 1 | |||

May 8 |

## Spring Abstracts

## Archive of past Geometry seminars

2013-2014: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2013-2014

2012-2013: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2012-2013

2011-2012: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2011-2012

2010: Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology