PDE Geometric Analysis seminar
The seminar will be held in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Mondays from 3:30pm - 4:30pm, unless indicated otherwise.
PDE GA Seminar Schedule Fall 2017
Well-posedness and dispersive decay of small data solutions for the Benjamin-Ono equation
Our goal is to take a first step toward understanding the long time dynamics of solutions for the Benjamin-Ono equation. While this problem is known to be both completely integrable and globally well-posed in $L^2$, much less seems to be known concerning its long time dynamics. We present that for small localized data the solutions have (nearly) dispersive dynamics almost globally in time. An additional objective is to revisit the $L^2$ theory for the Benjamin-Ono equation and provide a simpler, self-contained approach. This is joined work with Daniel Tataru.
On curvature flow with driving force starting as singular initial curve in the plane
We consider a family of axisymmetric curves evolving by its mean curvature with driving force in the plane. However, the initial curve is oriented singularly at origin. We investigate this problem by level set method and give some criteria to judge whether the interface evolution is fattening or not. In the end, we can classify the solutions into three categories and provide the asymptotic behavior in each category. Our main tools in this paper are level set method and intersection number principle.
Title: Patterns formation for elliptic systems with large interaction forces
Abstract: Nonlinear elliptic systems arising from nonlinear Schroedinger systems have simple looking reaction terms. The corresponding energy for the reaction terms can be expressed as quadratic forms in terms of density functions. The i, j-th entry of the matrix for the quadratic form represents the interaction force between the components i and j of the system. If the sign of an entry is positive, the force between the two components is attractive; on the other hand, if it is negative, it is repulsive. When the interaction forces between different components are large, the network structure of attraction and repulsion between components might produce several interesting patterns for solutions. As a starting point to study the general pattern formation structure for systems with a large number of components, I will first discuss the simple case of 2-component systems, and then the much more complex case of 3-component systems.
Calderon-Zygmund regularity estimates for weak solutions of quasi-linear parabolic equations with an application.
Abstract: In this talk, we first introduce a problem on the existence of global time smooth solutions for a system of cross-diffusion equations. We then recall some classical results on regularity theories, and show that to solve our problem, new results on regularity theory estimates of Calderon-Zygmund type for gradients of solutions to a class of parabolic equations in Lebesgue spaces are required. We then discuss a result on Calderon-Zygmnud type estimate in the concrete setting to solve our mentioned problem regarding the system of cross-diffusion equations. The remaining part of the talk will be focused on some new generalized results on regularity gradient estimates for some general class of quasi-linear parabolic equations. Regularity estimates for gradients of solutions in Lorentz spaces will be presented. Ideas of the proofs for the results are given.
Derivation of multi-layered interface system and its application
Abstract: In this talk, I will propose a multi-layered interface system which can be formally derived by the singular limit of the weakly coupled system of the Allen-Cahn equation. By using the level set approach, this system can be written as a quasi-monotone degenerate parabolic system. We give results of the well-posedness of viscosity solutions, and study the singularity of each layers. This is a joint work with H. Ninomiya, K. Todoroki.
On the emergence of local flocking phenomena in Cucker-Smale ensembles
Emergence of flocking groups are often observed in many complex network systems. The Cucker-Smale model is one of the flocking model, which describes the dynamics of attracting particles. This talk concerns time-asymptotic behaviors of Cucker-Smale particle ensembles, especially for mono-cluster and bi-cluster flockings. The emergence of flocking phenomena is determined by sufficient initial conditions, coupling strength, and communication weight decay. Our asymptotic analysis uses the Lyapunov functional approach and a Lagrangian formulation of the coupled system. We derive a system of differential inequalities for the functionals that measure the local fluctuations and group separations along particle trajectories. The bootstrapping argument is the key idea to prove the gathering and separating behaviors of Cucker-Smale particles simultaneously.
Title: Global-in-x Steady Prandtl Expansion over a Moving Boundary.
Abstract: I will outline the proof that steady, incompressible Navier-Stokes flows posed over the moving boundary, y = 0, can be decomposed into Euler and Prandtl flows globally in the tangential variable, assuming a sufficiently small velocity mismatch. The main obstacles in the analysis center around obtaining sharp decay rates for the linearized profiles and the remainders. The remainders are controlled via a high-order energy method, supplemented with appropriate embedding theorems, which I will present.
A 1-D semigeostrophic model with moist convection.
We consider a simplified 1-D model of semigeostrophic system with moisture, which describes moist convection in a single column in the atmosphere. In general, the solution is non-continuous and it is nontrivial part of the problem to find a suitable definition of weak solutions. We propose a plausible definition of such weak solutions which describes the evolution of the probability distribution of the physical quantities, so that the equations hold in the sense of almost everywhere. Such solutions are constructed from a discrete scheme which obeys the physical principles. This is joint work with Mike Cullen, together with Bin Cheng, John Norbury and Matthew Turner.
We construct a unique global-in-time solution to the Vlasov-Poisson-Boltzmann system in convex domains with the diffuse boundary condition. Moreover we prove an exponential convergence of distribution function toward the global Maxwellian.
3-D axisymmetric subsonic flows with nonzero swirl for the compressible Euler-Poisson system.
I will present a recent result on the structural stability of 3-D axisymmetric subsonic flows with nonzero swirl for the steady compressible Euler–Poisson system in a cylinder supplemented with non-small boundary data. A special Helmholtz decomposition of the velocity field is introduced for 3-D axisymmetric flow with a nonzero swirl (=angular momentum density) component. This talk is based on a joint work with S. Weng (Wuhan University, China).