Difference between revisions of "AMS Student Chapter Seminar"

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The AMS Student Chapter Seminar is an informal, graduate student-run seminar on a wide range of mathematical topics. Pastries (usually donuts) will be provided.
+
The AMS Student Chapter Seminar (aka Donut Seminar) is an informal, graduate student seminar on a wide range of mathematical topics. Pastries (usually donuts) will be provided.
  
 
* '''When:''' Wednesdays, 3:20 PM – 3:50 PM
 
* '''When:''' Wednesdays, 3:20 PM – 3:50 PM
 
* '''Where:''' Van Vleck, 9th floor lounge (unless otherwise announced)
 
* '''Where:''' Van Vleck, 9th floor lounge (unless otherwise announced)
* '''Organizers:''' [https://www.math.wisc.edu/~malexis/ Michel Alexis], [https://www.math.wisc.edu/~drwagner/ David Wagner], [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~nicodemus/ Patrick Nicodemus], [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~thaison/ Son Tu]
+
* '''Organizers:''' [https://www.math.wisc.edu/~malexis/ Michel Alexis], [https://www.math.wisc.edu/~drwagner/ David Wagner], [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~nicodemus/ Patrick Nicodemus], [http://www.math.wisc.edu/~thaison/ Son Tu], Carrie Chen
  
Everyone is welcome to give a talk. To sign up, please contact one of the organizers with a title and abstract. Talks are 30 minutes long and should avoid assuming significant mathematical background beyond first-year graduate courses.
+
Everyone is welcome to give a talk. To sign up, please contact one of the organizers with a title and abstract. Talks are 25 minutes long and should avoid assuming significant mathematical background beyond first-year graduate courses.
  
 
The schedule of talks from past semesters can be found [[AMS Student Chapter Seminar, previous semesters|here]].
 
The schedule of talks from past semesters can be found [[AMS Student Chapter Seminar, previous semesters|here]].
  
== Fall 2018 ==
+
== Spring 2020 ==
  
 +
=== February 5, Alex Mine===
  
=== September 26, Vladimir Sotirov ===
+
Title: Khinchin's Constant
  
Title: Geometric Algebra
+
Abstract: I'll talk about a really weird fact about continued fractions.
  
Abstract: Geometric algebra, developed at the end of the 19th century by Grassman, Clifford, and Lipschitz, is the forgotten progenitor of the linear algebra we use to this day developed by Gibbs and Heaviside.
+
=== February 12, Xiao Shen===
In this short introduction, I will use geometric algebra to do two things. First, I will construct the field of complex numbers and the division algebra of the quaternions in a coordinate-free way. Second, I will derive the geometric interpretation of complex numbers and quaternions as representations of rotations in 2- and 3-dimensional space.
 
  
=== October 3, Juliette Bruce ===
+
Title: Coalescence estimates for the corner growth model with exponential weights
  
Title: Kissing Conics
+
Abstract: (Joint with Timo Seppalainen) I will talk about estimates for the coalescence time of semi-infinite directed geodesics in the planar corner growth model. Not much probability background is needed.
  
Abstract: Have you every wondered how you can easily tell when two plane conics kiss (i.e. are tangent to each other at a point)? If so this talk is for you, if not, well there will be donuts.
+
=== February 19, Hyun Jong Kim===
  
=== October 10, Kurt Ehlert ===
+
Title: Orbifolds for Music
  
Title: How to bet when gambling
+
Abstract: In the first-ever music theory article published by the journal ''Science'', Dmitri Tymoczko uses orbifolds to describe a general framework for thinking about musical tonality. I am going to introduce the musical terms and ideas needed to describe how such orbifolds arise so that we can see an example of Tymoczko's geometric analysis of chord progressions.
  
Abstract: When gambling, typically casinos have the edge. But sometimes we can gain an edge by counting cards or other means. And sometimes we have an edge in the biggest casino of all: the financial markets. When we do have an advantage, then we still need to decide how much to bet. Bet too little, and we leave money on the table. Bet too much, and we risk financial ruin. We will discuss the "Kelly criterion", which is a betting strategy that is optimal in many senses.
+
=== February 26, Solly Parenti===
  
=== October 17, Bryan Oakley ===
+
Title: Mathematical Measuring
  
Title: Mixing rates
+
Abstract: What's the best way to measure things? Come find out!
  
Abstract: Mixing is a necessary step in many areas from biology and atmospheric sciences to smoothies. Because we are impatient, the goal is usually to improve the rate at which a substance homogenizes. In this talk we define and quantify mixing and rates of mixing. We present some history of the field as well as current research and open questions.
+
=== March 4, Cancelled===
  
=== October 24, Micky Soule Steinberg ===
+
=== March 11, Ivan Aidun===
  
Title: What does a group look like?
+
Title: The Notorious CRT
  
Abstract: In geometric group theory, we often try to understand groups by understanding the metric spaces on which the groups act geometrically. For example, Z^2 acts on R^2 in a nice way, so we can think of the group Z^2 instead as the metric space R^2.
+
Abstract: You're walking up Bascomb hill when a troll suddenly appears and says he'll kill you unless you compute the determinant of
 +
:<math> \begin{bmatrix}0 & -7 & -17 & -5 & -13\\8 & -14 & 14 & 11 & 15\\-5 & -17 & 10 & 2 & 10\\17 & 3 & -16 & -13 & 7\\-1 & 2 & -13 & -11 & 10\end{bmatrix}</math>
 +
by hand. wdyd?
  
We will try to find (and draw) such a metric space for the solvable Baumslag-Solitar groups BS(1,n). Then we will briefly discuss what this geometric picture tells us about the groups.
+
=== March 24 - Visit Day (talks cancelled)===
  
=== October 31, Sun Woo Park ===
+
==== Brandon Boggess, Time TBD ====
  
Title: Induction-Restriction Operators
+
Title: TBD
  
Abstract: Given a "nice enough" finite descending sequence of groups <math> G_n \supsetneq G_{n-1} \supsetneq \cdots \supsetneq G_1 \supsetneq \{e\} </math>, we can play around with the relations between induced and restricted representations. We will construct a formal <math> \mathbb{Z} </math>-module of induction-restriction operators on a finite descending sequence of groups <math> \{G_i\} </math>, written as <math> IR_{\{G_i\}} </math>. The goal of the talk is to show that the formal ring <math> IR_{\{G_i\}} </math> is a commutative polynomial ring over <math> \mathbb{Z} </math>.  We will also compute the formal ring <math>IR_{\{S_n\}} </math> for a finite descending sequence of symmetric groups <math> S_n \supset S_{n-1} \supset \cdots \supset S_1 </math>. (Apart from the talk, I'll also prepare some treats in celebration of Halloween.)
+
Abstract: TBD
  
=== November 7, Polly Yu ===
+
==== Yandi Wu, Time TBD====
  
Title: Positive solutions to polynomial systems using a (mostly linear) algorithm
+
Title: TBD
  
Abstract: "Wait, did I read the title correctly? Solving non-linear systems using linear methods?” Yes you did. I will present a linear feasibility problem for your favourite polynomial system; if the algorithm returns an answer, you’ve gotten yourself a positive solution to your system, and more than that, the solution set admits a monomial parametrization.
+
Abstract: TBD
  
=== November 14, Soumya Sankar ===
+
==== Maya Banks, Time TBD====
  
Title: The worlds of math and dance
+
Title: TBD
  
Abstract: Are math and dance related? Can we use one to motivate problems in the other? Should we all learn how to dance? I will answer these questions and then we will have some fun with counting problems motivated by dance.
+
Abstract: TBD
  
=== November 28, Niudun Wang ===
+
==== Yuxi Han, Time TBD====
  
Title: Continued fraction's bizarre adventure
+
Title: TBD
  
Abstract: When using fractions to approximate a real number, continued fraction is known to be one of the fastest ways. For instance, 3 is close to pi (somehow), 22/7 was the best estimate for centuries, 333/106 is better than 3.1415 and so on. Beyond this, I am going to show how continued fraction can also help us with finding the unit group of some real quadratic fields. In particular, how to solve the notorious Pell's equation.
+
Abstract: TBD
  
=== December 5, Patrick Nicodemus ===
+
==== Dionel Jaime, Time TBD====
  
Title: Applications of Algorithmic Randomness and Complexity
+
Title: TBD
 
 
Abstract: I will introduce the fascinating field of Kolmogorov Complexity and point out its applications in such varied areas as combinatorics, statistical inference and mathematical logic. In fact the Prime Number theorem, machine learning and Godel's Incompleteness theorem can all be investigated fruitfully through a wonderful common lens.
 
 
 
=== December 12, Wanlin Li ===
 
 
 
Title: Torsors
 
 
 
Abstract: I will talk about the notion of torsor based on John Baez's article 'Torsors made easy' and I will give a lot of examples. This will be a short and light talk to end the semester.
 
 
 
== Spring 2019 ==
 
 
 
 
 
=== February 6, TBD ===
 
 
 
Title: Xiao Shen
 
  
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
=== February 13, TBD ===
+
==== Yun Li, Time TBD====
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 96: Line 83:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
=== February 20, TBD ===
+
==== Erika Pirnes, Time TBD====
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 102: Line 89:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
=== February 27, TBD ===
+
==== Harry Liu, Time TBD====
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 108: Line 95:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
=== March 6, TBD ===
+
==== Kit Newton, Time TBD====
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 114: Line 101:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
=== March 13, TBD ===
+
=== April 1, Ying Li (cancelled)===
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 120: Line 107:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
=== March 27 (Prospective Student Visit Day), Multiple Speakers ===
+
=== April 8, Ben Wright (cancelled)===
 
 
====Eva Elduque====
 
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 128: Line 113:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
=== April 15, Owen Goff (cancelled)===
  
 
Title: TBD
 
Title: TBD
Line 134: Line 119:
 
Abstract: TBD
 
Abstract: TBD
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
== Fall 2019 ==
  
Title: TBD
+
=== October 9, Brandon Boggess===
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Title: An Application of Elliptic Curves to the Theory of Internet Memes
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
Abstract: Solve polynomial equations with this one weird trick! Math teachers hate him!!!
  
Title: TBD
+
[[File:Thumbnail fruit meme.png]]
  
Abstract: TBD
+
=== October 16, Jiaxin Jin===
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
Title: Persistence and global stability for biochemical reaction-diffusion systems
  
Title: TBD
+
Abstract: The investigation of the dynamics of solutions of nonlinear reaction-diffusion PDE systems generated by biochemical networks is a great challenge; in general, even the existence of classical solutions is difficult to establish. On the other hand, these kinds of problems appear very often in biological applications, e.g., when trying to understand the role of spatial inhomogeneities in living cells. We discuss the persistence and global stability properties of special classes of such systems, under additional assumptions such as: low number of species, complex balance or weak reversibility.
  
Abstract: TBD
+
=== October 23, Erika Pirnes===
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
(special edition: carrot seminar)
 
 
Title: TBD
 
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Title: Why do ice hockey players fall in love with mathematicians? (Behavior of certain number string sequences)
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
Abstract: Starting with some string of digits 0-9, add the adjacent numbers pairwise to obtain a new string. Whenever the sum is 10 or greater, separate its digits. For example, 26621 would become 81283 and then 931011. Repeating this process with different inputs gives varying behavior. In some cases the process terminates (becomes a single digit), or ends up in a loop, like 999, 1818, 999... The length of the strings can also start growing very fast. I'll discuss some data and conjectures about classifying the behavior.
  
Title: TBD
+
=== October 30, Yunbai Cao===
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Title: Kinetic theory in bounded domains
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
Abstract: In 1900, David Hilbert outlined 23 important problems in the International Congress of Mathematics. One of them is the Hilbert's sixth problem which asks the mathematical linkage between the mechanics from microscopic view and the macroscopic view. A relative new mesoscopic point of view at that time which is "kinetic theory" was highlighted by Hilbert as the bridge to link the two. In this talk, I will talk about the history and basic elements of kinetic theory and Boltzmann equation, and the role boundary plays for such a system, as well as briefly mention some recent progress.
  
Title: TBD
+
=== November 6, Tung Nguyen===
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Title: Introduction to Chemical Reaction Network
  
====[Insert Speaker]====
+
Abstract: Reaction network models are often used to investigate the dynamics of different species from various branches of chemistry, biology and ecology. The study of reaction network has grown significantly and involves a wide range of mathematics and applications. In this talk, I aim to show a big picture of what is happening in reaction network theory. I will first introduce the basic dynamical models for reaction network: the deterministic and stochastic models. Then, I will mention some big questions of interest, and the mathematical tools that are used by people in the field. Finally, I will make connection between reaction network and other branches of mathematics such as PDE, control theory, and random graph theory.
  
Title: TBD
+
=== November 13, Jane Davis===
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Title: Brownian Minions
  
=== April 3, TBD ===
+
Abstract: Having lots of small minions help you perform a task is often very effective. For example, if you need to grade a large stack of calculus problems, it is effective to have several TAs grade parts of the pile for you. We'll talk about how we can use random motions as minions to help us perform mathematical tasks. Typically, this mathematical task would be optimization, but we'll reframe a little bit and focus on art and beauty instead. We'll also try to talk about the so-called "storytelling metric," which is relevant here. There will be pictures and animations! 🎉
  
Title: TBD
+
Sneak preview: some modern art generated with MATLAB.
  
Abstract: TBD
+
[[File:Picpic.jpg]]
  
=== April 10, TBD ===
+
=== November 20, Colin Crowley===
  
Title: TBD
+
Title: Matroid Bingo
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Abstract: Matroids are combinatorial objects that generalize graphs and matrices. The famous combinatorialist Gian Carlo Rota once said that "anyone who has worked with matroids has come away with the conviction that matroids are one of the richest and most useful ideas of our day." Although his day was in the 60s and 70s, matroids remain an active area of current research with connections to areas such as algebraic geometry, tropical geometry, and parts of computer science. Since this is a doughnut talk, I will introduce matroids in a cute way that involves playing bingo, and then I'll show you some cool examples.
  
=== April 17, TBD ===
+
=== December 4, Xiaocheng Li===
  
Title: TBD
+
Title: The method of stationary phase and Duistermaat-Heckman formula
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Abstract: The oscillatory integral $\int_X e^{itf(x)}\mu=:I(t), t\in \mathbb{R}$ is a fundamental object in analysis. In general, $I(t)$ seldom has an explicit expression as Fourier transform is usually inexplicit. In practice, we are interested in the asymptotic behavior of $I(t)$, that is, for $|t|$ very large. A classical tool of getting an approximation is the method of stationary phase which gives the leading term of $I(t)$. Furthermore, there are rare instances for which the approximation coincides with the exact value of $I(t)$. One example is the Duistermaat-Heckman formula in which the Hamiltonian action and the momentum map are addressed. In the talk, I will start with basic facts in Fourier analysis, then discuss the method of stationary phase and the Duistermaat-Heckman formula.
  
=== April 24, TBD ===
+
=== December 11, Chaojie Yuan===
  
Title: TBD
+
Title: Coupling and its application in stochastic chemical reaction network
  
Abstract: TBD
+
Abstract: Stochastic models for chemical reaction networks have become increasingly popular in the past few decades. When the molecules are present in low numbers, the chemical system always displays randomness in their dynamics, and the randomness cannot be ignored as it can have a significant effect on the overall properties of the dynamics. In this talk, I will introduce the stochastic models utilized in the context of biological interaction network. Then I will discuss coupling in this context, and illustrate through examples how coupling methods can be utilized for numerical simulations. Specifically, I will introduce two biological models, which attempts to address the behavior of interesting real-world phenomenon.

Latest revision as of 11:49, 23 March 2020

The AMS Student Chapter Seminar (aka Donut Seminar) is an informal, graduate student seminar on a wide range of mathematical topics. Pastries (usually donuts) will be provided.

Everyone is welcome to give a talk. To sign up, please contact one of the organizers with a title and abstract. Talks are 25 minutes long and should avoid assuming significant mathematical background beyond first-year graduate courses.

The schedule of talks from past semesters can be found here.

Spring 2020

February 5, Alex Mine

Title: Khinchin's Constant

Abstract: I'll talk about a really weird fact about continued fractions.

February 12, Xiao Shen

Title: Coalescence estimates for the corner growth model with exponential weights

Abstract: (Joint with Timo Seppalainen) I will talk about estimates for the coalescence time of semi-infinite directed geodesics in the planar corner growth model. Not much probability background is needed.

February 19, Hyun Jong Kim

Title: Orbifolds for Music

Abstract: In the first-ever music theory article published by the journal Science, Dmitri Tymoczko uses orbifolds to describe a general framework for thinking about musical tonality. I am going to introduce the musical terms and ideas needed to describe how such orbifolds arise so that we can see an example of Tymoczko's geometric analysis of chord progressions.

February 26, Solly Parenti

Title: Mathematical Measuring

Abstract: What's the best way to measure things? Come find out!

March 4, Cancelled

March 11, Ivan Aidun

Title: The Notorious CRT

Abstract: You're walking up Bascomb hill when a troll suddenly appears and says he'll kill you unless you compute the determinant of

[math] \begin{bmatrix}0 & -7 & -17 & -5 & -13\\8 & -14 & 14 & 11 & 15\\-5 & -17 & 10 & 2 & 10\\17 & 3 & -16 & -13 & 7\\-1 & 2 & -13 & -11 & 10\end{bmatrix}[/math]

by hand. wdyd?

March 24 - Visit Day (talks cancelled)

Brandon Boggess, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Yandi Wu, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Maya Banks, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Yuxi Han, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Dionel Jaime, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Yun Li, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Erika Pirnes, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Harry Liu, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Kit Newton, Time TBD

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

April 1, Ying Li (cancelled)

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

April 8, Ben Wright (cancelled)

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

April 15, Owen Goff (cancelled)

Title: TBD

Abstract: TBD

Fall 2019

October 9, Brandon Boggess

Title: An Application of Elliptic Curves to the Theory of Internet Memes

Abstract: Solve polynomial equations with this one weird trick! Math teachers hate him!!!

Thumbnail fruit meme.png

October 16, Jiaxin Jin

Title: Persistence and global stability for biochemical reaction-diffusion systems

Abstract: The investigation of the dynamics of solutions of nonlinear reaction-diffusion PDE systems generated by biochemical networks is a great challenge; in general, even the existence of classical solutions is difficult to establish. On the other hand, these kinds of problems appear very often in biological applications, e.g., when trying to understand the role of spatial inhomogeneities in living cells. We discuss the persistence and global stability properties of special classes of such systems, under additional assumptions such as: low number of species, complex balance or weak reversibility.

October 23, Erika Pirnes

(special edition: carrot seminar)

Title: Why do ice hockey players fall in love with mathematicians? (Behavior of certain number string sequences)

Abstract: Starting with some string of digits 0-9, add the adjacent numbers pairwise to obtain a new string. Whenever the sum is 10 or greater, separate its digits. For example, 26621 would become 81283 and then 931011. Repeating this process with different inputs gives varying behavior. In some cases the process terminates (becomes a single digit), or ends up in a loop, like 999, 1818, 999... The length of the strings can also start growing very fast. I'll discuss some data and conjectures about classifying the behavior.

October 30, Yunbai Cao

Title: Kinetic theory in bounded domains

Abstract: In 1900, David Hilbert outlined 23 important problems in the International Congress of Mathematics. One of them is the Hilbert's sixth problem which asks the mathematical linkage between the mechanics from microscopic view and the macroscopic view. A relative new mesoscopic point of view at that time which is "kinetic theory" was highlighted by Hilbert as the bridge to link the two. In this talk, I will talk about the history and basic elements of kinetic theory and Boltzmann equation, and the role boundary plays for such a system, as well as briefly mention some recent progress.

November 6, Tung Nguyen

Title: Introduction to Chemical Reaction Network

Abstract: Reaction network models are often used to investigate the dynamics of different species from various branches of chemistry, biology and ecology. The study of reaction network has grown significantly and involves a wide range of mathematics and applications. In this talk, I aim to show a big picture of what is happening in reaction network theory. I will first introduce the basic dynamical models for reaction network: the deterministic and stochastic models. Then, I will mention some big questions of interest, and the mathematical tools that are used by people in the field. Finally, I will make connection between reaction network and other branches of mathematics such as PDE, control theory, and random graph theory.

November 13, Jane Davis

Title: Brownian Minions

Abstract: Having lots of small minions help you perform a task is often very effective. For example, if you need to grade a large stack of calculus problems, it is effective to have several TAs grade parts of the pile for you. We'll talk about how we can use random motions as minions to help us perform mathematical tasks. Typically, this mathematical task would be optimization, but we'll reframe a little bit and focus on art and beauty instead. We'll also try to talk about the so-called "storytelling metric," which is relevant here. There will be pictures and animations! 🎉

Sneak preview: some modern art generated with MATLAB.

Picpic.jpg

November 20, Colin Crowley

Title: Matroid Bingo

Abstract: Matroids are combinatorial objects that generalize graphs and matrices. The famous combinatorialist Gian Carlo Rota once said that "anyone who has worked with matroids has come away with the conviction that matroids are one of the richest and most useful ideas of our day." Although his day was in the 60s and 70s, matroids remain an active area of current research with connections to areas such as algebraic geometry, tropical geometry, and parts of computer science. Since this is a doughnut talk, I will introduce matroids in a cute way that involves playing bingo, and then I'll show you some cool examples.

December 4, Xiaocheng Li

Title: The method of stationary phase and Duistermaat-Heckman formula

Abstract: The oscillatory integral $\int_X e^{itf(x)}\mu=:I(t), t\in \mathbb{R}$ is a fundamental object in analysis. In general, $I(t)$ seldom has an explicit expression as Fourier transform is usually inexplicit. In practice, we are interested in the asymptotic behavior of $I(t)$, that is, for $|t|$ very large. A classical tool of getting an approximation is the method of stationary phase which gives the leading term of $I(t)$. Furthermore, there are rare instances for which the approximation coincides with the exact value of $I(t)$. One example is the Duistermaat-Heckman formula in which the Hamiltonian action and the momentum map are addressed. In the talk, I will start with basic facts in Fourier analysis, then discuss the method of stationary phase and the Duistermaat-Heckman formula.

December 11, Chaojie Yuan

Title: Coupling and its application in stochastic chemical reaction network

Abstract: Stochastic models for chemical reaction networks have become increasingly popular in the past few decades. When the molecules are present in low numbers, the chemical system always displays randomness in their dynamics, and the randomness cannot be ignored as it can have a significant effect on the overall properties of the dynamics. In this talk, I will introduce the stochastic models utilized in the context of biological interaction network. Then I will discuss coupling in this context, and illustrate through examples how coupling methods can be utilized for numerical simulations. Specifically, I will introduce two biological models, which attempts to address the behavior of interesting real-world phenomenon.