Difference between revisions of "AMS Student Chapter Seminar"
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=== November 7, Polly Yu === | === November 7, Polly Yu === | ||
− | Title: | + | Title: Positive solutions to polynomial systems using a (mostly linear) algorithm |
− | Abstract: | + | Abstract: "Wait, did I read the title correctly? Solving non-linear systems using linear methods?” Yes you did. I will present a linear feasibility problem for your favourite polynomial system; if the algorithm returns an answer, you’ve gotten yourself a positive solution to your system, and more than that, the solution set admits a monomial parametrization. |
=== November 14, Soumya Sankar === | === November 14, Soumya Sankar === |
Revision as of 12:13, 5 November 2018
The AMS Student Chapter Seminar is an informal, graduate student-run seminar on a wide range of mathematical topics. Pastries (usually donuts) will be provided.
- When: Wednesdays, 3:20 PM – 3:50 PM
- Where: Van Vleck, 9th floor lounge (unless otherwise announced)
- Organizers: Michel Alexis, David Wagner, Patrick Nicodemus, Son Tu
Everyone is welcome to give a talk. To sign up, please contact one of the organizers with a title and abstract. Talks are 30 minutes long and should avoid assuming significant mathematical background beyond first-year graduate courses.
The schedule of talks from past semesters can be found here.
Contents
- 1 Fall 2018
- 1.1 September 26, Vladimir Sotirov
- 1.2 October 3, Juliette Bruce
- 1.3 October 10, Kurt Ehlert
- 1.4 October 17, Bryan Oakley
- 1.5 October 24, Micky Soule Steinberg
- 1.6 October 31, Sun Woo Park
- 1.7 November 7, Polly Yu
- 1.8 November 14, Soumya Sankar
- 1.9 November 21, Cancelled due to Thanksgiving
- 1.10 November 28, Niudun Wang
- 1.11 December 5, Patrick Nicodemus
- 1.12 December 12, TBD
Fall 2018
September 26, Vladimir Sotirov
Title: Geometric Algebra
Abstract: Geometric algebra, developed at the end of the 19th century by Grassman, Clifford, and Lipschitz, is the forgotten progenitor of the linear algebra we use to this day developed by Gibbs and Heaviside. In this short introduction, I will use geometric algebra to do two things. First, I will construct the field of complex numbers and the division algebra of the quaternions in a coordinate-free way. Second, I will derive the geometric interpretation of complex numbers and quaternions as representations of rotations in 2- and 3-dimensional space.
October 3, Juliette Bruce
Title: Kissing Conics
Abstract: Have you every wondered how you can easily tell when two plane conics kiss (i.e. are tangent to each other at a point)? If so this talk is for you, if not, well there will be donuts.
October 10, Kurt Ehlert
Title: How to bet when gambling
Abstract: When gambling, typically casinos have the edge. But sometimes we can gain an edge by counting cards or other means. And sometimes we have an edge in the biggest casino of all: the financial markets. When we do have an advantage, then we still need to decide how much to bet. Bet too little, and we leave money on the table. Bet too much, and we risk financial ruin. We will discuss the "Kelly criterion", which is a betting strategy that is optimal in many senses.
October 17, Bryan Oakley
Title: Mixing rates
Abstract: Mixing is a necessary step in many areas from biology and atmospheric sciences to smoothies. Because we are impatient, the goal is usually to improve the rate at which a substance homogenizes. In this talk we define and quantify mixing and rates of mixing. We present some history of the field as well as current research and open questions.
October 24, Micky Soule Steinberg
Title: What does a group look like?
Abstract: In geometric group theory, we often try to understand groups by understanding the metric spaces on which the groups act geometrically. For example, Z^2 acts on R^2 in a nice way, so we can think of the group Z^2 instead as the metric space R^2.
We will try to find (and draw) such a metric space for the solvable Baumslag-Solitar groups BS(1,n). Then we will briefly discuss what this geometric picture tells us about the groups.
October 31, Sun Woo Park
Title: Induction-Restriction Operators
Abstract: Given a "nice enough" finite descending sequence of groups [math] G_n \supsetneq G_{n-1} \supsetneq \cdots \supsetneq G_1 \supsetneq \{e\} [/math], we can play around with the relations between induced and restricted representations. We will construct a formal [math] \mathbb{Z} [/math]-module of induction-restriction operators on a finite descending sequence of groups [math] \{G_i\} [/math], written as [math] IR_{\{G_i\}} [/math]. The goal of the talk is to show that the formal ring [math] IR_{\{G_i\}} [/math] is a commutative polynomial ring over [math] \mathbb{Z} [/math]. We will also compute the formal ring [math]IR_{\{S_n\}} [/math] for a finite descending sequence of symmetric groups [math] S_n \supset S_{n-1} \supset \cdots \supset S_1 [/math]. (Apart from the talk, I'll also prepare some treats in celebration of Halloween.)
November 7, Polly Yu
Title: Positive solutions to polynomial systems using a (mostly linear) algorithm
Abstract: "Wait, did I read the title correctly? Solving non-linear systems using linear methods?” Yes you did. I will present a linear feasibility problem for your favourite polynomial system; if the algorithm returns an answer, you’ve gotten yourself a positive solution to your system, and more than that, the solution set admits a monomial parametrization.
November 14, Soumya Sankar
Title: TBD
Abstract: TBD
November 21, Cancelled due to Thanksgiving
Title: TBD
Abstract: TBD
November 28, Niudun Wang
Title: TBD
Abstract: TBD
December 5, Patrick Nicodemus
Title: Applications of Algorithmic Randomness and Complexity
Abstract: I will introduce the fascinating field of Kolmogorov Complexity and point out its applications in such varied areas as combinatorics, statistical inference and mathematical logic. In fact the Prime Number theorem, machine learning and Godel's Incompleteness theorem can all be investigated fruitfully through a wonderful common lens.
December 12, TBD
Title: TBD
Abstract: TBD