Basic Linux Seminar

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January 16, 2017 from 10am to 12pm, B107 Van Vleck

Connecting to a linux machine via ssh.

  • hand out account credentials for non-math attendees
  • explain Linux vs. Unix, open source

Using SCP to move items from your machine to the server, using sFTP, Filezilla, SecureFX

  • Terminal on mac, linux
  • download and install SSH program (like SecureCRT) for Windows.

pwd

  • landing zone
  • where am I

cd

  • changing directories
  • shortcuts for changing directories
    • ~, ., ..,
  • tab completion

Creating/removing directories

  • mkdir
  • rmdir

Creating files

  • touch
  • nano nameoffile
  • nano is a simple (and one of many) text editor, vi, emacs, joe, etc.

Moving/Copying/Deleting files

  • mv
  • cp
  • rm

Listing contents of your directory

  • ls
    • does not show hidden files/folders
  • use of option flags to see more
  • ls -l
  • ls -la
    • does show hidden files/folders
  • ls -last
    • shows most recently changed/create at top

Permissions

  • ls -l shows you the permissions
  • discussion of what those permissions mean.
    • letter method
    • number method
  • chmod changing permissions

Man command Less command Grep command Piping cron

  1. make your own script
  • alias command
  • writing an actual file, making it executable, and running it.
  1. quota command; du -s subdir
  2. locate command