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−  __NOTOC__
 
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 = Mathematics Colloquium =   = Mathematics Colloquium = 
   
 All colloquia are on Fridays at 4:00 pm in Van Vleck B239, '''unless otherwise indicated'''.   All colloquia are on Fridays at 4:00 pm in Van Vleck B239, '''unless otherwise indicated'''. 
   
−  [[Colloquia/Spring 2015  Tentative schedule for Spring 2015]]  +  The calendar for spring 2019 can be found [[Colloquia/Spring2019here]]. 
   
−  == Fall 2014 ==  +  ==Spring 2019== 
   
 { cellpadding="8"   { cellpadding="8" 
−  !align="left"  date  +  !align="left"  date 
 !align="left"  speaker   !align="left"  speaker 
 !align="left"  title   !align="left"  title 
 !align="left"  host(s)   !align="left"  host(s) 
     
−  September 12  +  Jan 25 
−   [http://mduchin.math.tufts.edu/index.html Moon Duchin] (Tufts University)  +   [http://www.users.miamioh.edu/randrib/ Beata Randrianantoanina] (Miami University Ohio) WIMAW 
−   [[Colloquia#September 12: Moon Duchin (Tufts University)  Geometry and counting in the Heisenberg group]]  +  [[#Beata Randrianantoanina (Miami University Ohio)  Some nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces and their applications ]] 
−   Dymarz and WIMAW  +   Tullia Dymarz 
 +   
     
−  September 19  +  Jan 30 '''Wednesday''' 
−  [http://www.mast.queensu.ca/~ggsmith/ Gregory G. Smith] (Queen's University)  +   [https://services.math.duke.edu/~pierce/ Lillian Pierce] (Duke University) 
−  [[Colloquia#September 19: Gregory G. Smith (Queen's University)  Nonnegative sections and sums of squares]]  +  [[#Lillian Pierce (Duke University)  Short character sums ]] 
−  Erman  +   Boston and Street 
 +   
     
−  September 26  +  Jan 31 '''Thursday''' 
−  [http://www.math.uci.edu/~jxin/ Jack Xin] (UC Irvine)  +   [http://www.math.tamu.edu/~dbaskin/ Dean Baskin] (Texas A&M) 
−  [[Colloquia#September 26: Jack Xin (UC Irvine)  Gequations and Front Motion in Fluid Flows]]  +  [[#Dean Baskin (Texas A&M)  Radiation fields for wave equations ]] 
−  Jin  +   Street 
 +   
     
−  October 3  +  Feb 1 
−  [http://math.arizona.edu/~tiep/ Pham Huu Tiep] (University of Arizona)  +   [https://services.math.duke.edu/~jianfeng/ Jianfeng Lu] (Duke University) 
−  [[Colloquia#October 3: Pham Huu Tiep (Arizona)  Adequate subgroups]]  +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Gurevich  +   Qin 
 +   
     
−  October 10  +  Feb 5 '''Tuesday''' 
−  [http://www.math.ubc.ca/~adem/ Alejandro Adem] (UBC)  +   [http://www.math.tamu.edu/~alexei.poltoratski/ Alexei Poltoratski] (Texas A&M University) 
−  [[Colloquia#October 10: Alejandro Adem (UBC)  Topology of Commuting Matrices]]
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Yang
 +   Denisov 
−  
 +   
−  October 17
 
−  [http://www.icse.cornell.edu/ziagroup/ Roseanna Zia] (Cornell University)
 
−  [[Colloquia#October 17: Roseanna Zia (Cornell)  A micromechanical study of coarsening and rheology of colloidal gels: Cage building, cage hopping, and Smoluchowski’s ratchet]]  
−  Spagnolie  
−  
 
−  October 24
 
−  [http://www.math.utoronto.ca/almut/ Almut Burchard] (Toronto)
 
−  [[Colloquia#October 24: Almut Burchard (Toronto)  Symmetrization, sharp inequalities, and geometric stability for integral functionals]]
 
−  Stovall  
     
−  October 31  +  Feb 8 
−  [http://www.math.uchicago.edu/~ngo/ Bao Chau Ngo] (Chicago)  +   [https://sites.math.northwestern.edu/~anaber/ Aaron Naber] (Northwestern) 
−  [[Colloquia#October 31: Bao Chau Ngo (Chicago)  LFunction, Trace Formula and Moduli Spaces]]  +  [[#Aaron Naber (Northwestern)  A structure theory for spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds ]] 
−  Gurevich  +   Street 
−  
 
−  November 7
 
−  
 
−  
 
     
     
−  November 14  +  Feb 15 
−    +   
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
     
     
     
−  <b>Monday</b> November 17  +  Feb 22 
−  [http://web.stanford.edu/~klho/cv.html Kenneth Ho] (Stanford)  +   [https://people.math.osu.edu/cueto.5/ Angelica Cueto] (Ohio State) 
−  [[Colloquia#(Monday) November 17: Kenneth Ho (Stanford)  Fast direct methods for structured matrices]]  +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Jin  +   Erman and Corey 
 +   
     
−  <b>Wednesday</b> November 19  +  March 4 
−  [http://hydra.math.ucla.edu/~craig/ Craig Schroeder] (UCLA)  +   [http://wwwusers.math.umn.edu/~sverak/ Vladimir Sverak] (Minnesota) Wasow lecture 
−  [[Colloquia#(Wednesday) November 19: Craig Schroeder (UCLA)  Tackling the robustness problem in physicallybased simulation]]  +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Jin  +   Kim 
 +   
     
−  November 21  +  March 8 
−  [http://math.uchicago.edu/~hung/ Hung Tran](Univ. of Chicago)  +   [https://orion.math.iastate.edu/jmccullo/index.html Jason McCullough] (Iowa State) 
−  [[Colloquia#November 21: Hung Tran (Univ. of Chicago)  Selection problems for a discounted degenerate viscous
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  HamiltonJacobi equation]]  +   Erman 
−   Mikhail Feldman  +   
     
−  <b>Monday</b> November 24  +  March 15 
−  [http://www.ictp.it/research/math/members/postdoctoralfellows/qingtaochen.aspx Qingtao Chen] (ICTP, Italy)  +   Maksym Radziwill (Caltech) 
−  [[Colloquia#(Monday) November 24: Qingtao Chen (ICTP, Italy)  Congruent skein relations for various quantum invariants of links]]  +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Maxim  +   Marshall 
 +   
     
−  <b>Tuesday</b> November 25  +  March 29 
−  [http://users.cms.caltech.edu/~qinli/ Qin Li] (Caltech)  +   Jennifer Park (OSU) 
−  [[Colloquia#(Tuesday) November 25: Qin Li (Caltech)  Intrinsic Sparse Mode Decomposition of High Dimensional Random Fields with  +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Applications to Stochastic Elliptic PDEs]]
 +   Marshall 
−  Jin  +   
     
−  November 28  +  April 5 
−  University holiday  +   JuLee Kim (MIT) 
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
 +   Gurevich 
     
−  
 
     
−  <b>Monday</b> December 1  +  April 12 
−  [http://www.ma.utexas.edu/users/jneeman/index.html Joseph Neeman](UT Austin)  +   Evitar Procaccia (TAMU) 
−  [[Colloquia#(Monday) December 1: Joseph Neeman (UT Austin) Some phase transitions in the stochastic block model]]
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Maxim  +   Gurevich 
 +   
     
−  <b>Wednesday</b> December 3  +  April 19 
−  Artem Chernikov (GTM,Paris)  +   [http://www.math.rice.edu/~jkn3/ Jo Nelson] (Rice University) 
−  [[Colloquia#(Wednesday) December 3: Artem Chernikov (GTM, Paris)  Some applications of model theory to geometric Ramsey theory]]
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−  Lempp  +   JeanLuc 
 +   
     
−  <b>Friday</b> December 5  +  April 26 
−  Yifeng Liu (MIT)
 +   [https://www.brown.edu/academics/appliedmathematics/faculty/kavitaramanan/home Kavita Ramanan] (Brown University) 
−  [[Colloquia#(Friday) December 5: Xifeng Liu (MIT)  Diophantine equations, Lfunctions, and automorphic periods]]  +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
−   Ellenberg
 +   WIMAW 
−  
 +   
−  <b>Monday</b> December 8
 
−  [http://math.uchicago.edu/~akwalker/ Alden Walker](Univ. of Chicago)
 
−  [[Colloquia#(Monday) December 8: Alden Walker (Univ. of Chicago)  Gromov's surface subgroup question]]
 
−  Maxim
 
−  
 
−  <b>Wednesday</b> December 10
 
−  [http://math.columbia.edu/~hom/ Jennifer Hom](Columbia)
 
−  [[Colloquia#(Wednesday) December 10: Jennifer Hom (Columbia)  The knot concordance group]]
 
−  Maxim  
     
−  December 12  +  May 3 
−    +   Tomasz Przebinda (Oklahoma) 
 +  [[# TBA TBA ]] 
 +   Gurevich 
     
−  
 
−  
 
 }   } 
   
 == Abstracts ==   == Abstracts == 
   
−  ===September 12: Moon Duchin (Tufts University)===  +  ===Beata Randrianantoanina (Miami University Ohio)=== 
   
−  ====Geometry and counting in the Heisenberg group====
 +  Title: Some nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces and their applications. 
   
−  The growth function of a finitelygenerated group enumerates how many words can be spelled with each possible number of letters this should be thought of as a sort of volume growth in any geometric model of the group. A major theorem of Gromov tells us exactly which groups have growth in the polynomial range: those that are (virtually) nilpotent. But we can still wonder how regular the growth of a nilpotent group is: is it actually a polynomial? Or could it exhibit some transcendentality together with pretty slow growth?
 +  Abstract: Nonlinear problems in the geometry of Banach spaces have been studied since the inception of the field. In this talk I will outline some of the history, some of modern applications, and some open directions of research. The talk will be accessible to graduate students of any field of mathematics. 
   
−  I'll talk about some themes and techniques in the study of group growth and outline a geometry of numbers for nilpotent groups, including a recent result with M. Shapiro settling a longstanding question: the Heisenberg group  the simplest nonabelian nilpotent group  has rational growth in any generating set.
 +  ===Lillian Pierce (Duke University)=== 
   
−  ===September 19: Gregory G. Smith (Queen's University)===
 +  Title: Short character sums 
   
−  ====Nonnegative sections and sums of squares====
 +  Abstract: A surprisingly diverse array of problems in analytic number theory have at their heart a problem of bounding (from above) an exponential sum, or its multiplicative cousin, a socalled character sum. For example, both understanding the Riemann zeta function or Dirichlet Lfunctions inside the critical strip, and also counting solutions to Diophantine equations via the circle method or power sieve methods, involve bounding such sums. In general, the sums of interest fall into one of two main regimes: complete sums or incomplete sums, with this latter regime including in particular “short sums.” Short sums are particularly useful, and particularly resistant to almost all known methods. In this talk, we will see what makes a sum “short,” sketch why it would be incredibly powerful to understand short sums, and discuss a curious proof from the 1950’s which is still the best way we know to bound short sums. We will end by describing new work which extends the ideas of this curious proof to bound short sums in much more general situations. 
   
−  A polynomial with real coefficients is nonnegative if it takes on only nonnegative values. For example, any sum of squares is obviously nonnegative. For a homogeneous polynomial with respect to the standard grading, Hilbert famously characterized when the converse holds, that is when every nonnegative homogeneous polynomial is a sum of squares. After reviewing some history of this problem, we will examine this converse in more general settings such as global sections of a line bundles. This line of inquiry has unexpected connections to classical algebraic geometry and leads to new examples in which every nonnegative homogeneous polynomial is a sum of squares. This talk is based on joint work with Grigoriy Blekherman and Mauricio Velasco.  +  ===Dean Baskin (Texas A&M)=== 
   
−  ===September 26: Jack Xin (UC Irvine)===
 +  Title: Radiation fields for wave equations 
   
−  ====Gequations and Front Motion in Fluid Flows====
 +  Abstract: Radiation fields are rescaled limits of solutions of wave equations near "null infinity" and capture the radiation pattern seen by a distant observer. They are intimately connected with the Fourier and Radon transforms and with scattering theory. In this talk, I will define and discuss radiation fields in a few contexts, with an emphasis on spacetimes that look flat near infinity. The main result is a connection between the asymptotic behavior of the radiation field and a family of quantum objects on an associated asymptotically hyperbolic space. 
   
−  Gequations are level set HamiltonJacobi equations (HJE) for modeling flame fronts in turbulent combustion where a fundamental problem is to characterize the turbulent flame speeds s_T. The existence of s_T is connected with the homogenization of HJE, however classical theory does not apply due to the noncoercive and nonconvex nature of the level set Hamiltonian. We shall illustrate the asymptotic properties of s_T from both Eulerian and Lagrangian perspectives in the case of two dimensional periodic incompressible flows, in particular cellular flows.
 +  ===Aaron Naber (Northwestern)=== 
   
−  Analytical and numerical results demonstrate that Gequations capture well the enhancement, slow down and quenching phenomena observed in fluid experiments. We also comment on s_T in chaotic flows. This is joint work with Yifeng Yu and YuYu Liu.
 +  Title: A structure theory for spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds. 
   
−  ===October 3: Pham Huu Tiep (Arizona)===
 +  Abstract: One should view manifolds (M^n,g) with lower Ricci curvature bounds as being those manifolds with a well behaved analysis, a point which can be rigorously stated. It thus becomes a natural question, how well behaved or badly behaved can such spaces be? This is a nonlinear analogue to asking how degenerate can a subharmonic or plurisubharmonic function look like. In this talk we give an essentially sharp answer to this question. The talk will require little background, and our time will be spent on understanding the basic statements and examples. The work discussed is joint with Cheeger, Jiang and with Li. 
   
−  ====Adequate subgroups====
 
   
−  The notion of adequate subgroups was introduced by Thorne. It is a weakening of the notion of big subgroups used in generalizations of the TaylorWiles method for proving the automorphy of certain Galois representations. Using this idea, Thorne was able to strengthen many automorphy lifting theorems. It was shown recently by Guralnick, Herzig, Taylor, and Thorne that if the degree is small compared to the characteristic then all absolutely irreducible representations are adequate. We will discuss extensions of this result obtained recently in joint work with R. M. Guralnick and F. Herzig. In particular, we show that almost all absolutely irreducible representations in characteristic p of degree less than p are adequate. We will also address a question of Serre about
 +  == Past Colloquia == 
−  indecomposable modules in characteristic p of dimension less than 2p2.
 
−   
−  ===October 10: Alejandro Adem (UBC)===  
−   
−  ====Topology of Commuting Matrices====
 
−   
−  In this talk we will describe basic topological properties of the space of commuting unitary matrices. In particular we will show that they can be assembled to form a space which classifies commutativity for vector bundles and which has very interesting homotopytheoretic properties.
 
−   
−  ===October 17: Roseanna Zia (Cornell) ===
 
   
−  ====A micromechanical study of coarsening and rheology of colloidal gels: Cage building, cage hopping, and Smoluchowski’s ratchet====
 +  [[Colloquia/BlankBlank]] 
   
−  Reconfigurable soft solids such as viscoelastic gels have emerged in the past decade as a promising material in numerous applications ranging from engineered tissue to drug delivery to injectable sensors. These include colloidal gels, which microscopically comprise a scaffoldlike network of interconnected particles embedded in a solvent. Network bonds can be permanent or reversible, depending on the nature and strength of interparticle attractions. When attractions are on the order of just a few kT, bonds easily rupture and reform. On a macroscopic scale, bond reversibility allows a gel to transition from solidlike behavior during storage, to liquidlike behavior during flow (e.g., injection or shear), and back to solidlike behavior in situ. On a microscopic scale, thermal fluctuations of the solvent are occasionally strong enough to break colloidal bonds, temporarily allowing particles to migrate and exchange neighbors before rebonding to the network, leading to structural evolution over time. Prior studies of colloidal gels have examined evolution of length scales and dynamics such as decorrelation times. Left open were additional questions such as how the particlerich regions are structured (liquidlike, glassy, crystalline), how restructuring takes place (via bulk diffusion, surface migration, coalescence of large structures), and the impact of the evolution on rheology. In this talk I discuss these themes as explored in our recent dynamic simulations. We find that the network strands comprise a glassy, immobile interior near randomclose packing, enclosed by a liquidlike surface along which the diffusive migration of particles drives structural coarsening. We show that coarsening is a threestep process of cage forming, cage hopping, and cage arrest, where particles migrate to everdeeper energy wells via “Smoluchowski’s ratchet.” Both elastic and viscous highfrequency moduli are found to scale with the squareroot of the frequency, similar to the perfectly viscoelastic behavior of nonhydrodynamically interacting, purely repulsive dispersions. But here, the behavior is elastic over all frequencies, with a quantitative offset between elastic and viscous moduli, which owes its origin to the hindrance of diffusion by particle attractions. Propagation of this elasticity via the network gives rise to agestiffening as the gel coarsens. This simple phenomenological model suggests a rescaling of the moduli on dominant network length scale that collapses moduli for all ages onto a single curve. We propose a Rouselike theoretical model and, from it, derive an analytical expression that predicts the effects of structural aging on rheology whereby linear response can be determined at any age by measurement of dominant network length scale—or vice versa.
 +  [[Colloquia/Fall2018Fall 2018]] 
   
−  ===October 24: Almut Burchard (Toronto)===
 +  [[Colloquia/Spring2018Spring 2018]] 
   
−  ====Symmetrization, sharp inequalities, and geometric stability for integral functionals====
 +  [[Colloquia/Fall2017Fall 2017]] 
   
−  Many integral functionals are maximized (under appropriate constraints) by radially symmetric functions. For example, the Coulomb energy of a positive charge density  the double integral of the Newton potential against the density  increases under symmetrization. The physical reason is that the interaction energy between the charges grows as the typical distance between the charges shrinks. The energy increases strictly, unless the charge density is already radially decreasing about some point. Is this characterization of equality cases "stable"? In other words, must nearmaximizers be close to maximizers?
 +  [[Colloquia/Spring2017Spring 2017]] 
   
−  Such stability questions have been wellstudied for the isoperimetric inequality and other functionals that involve gradients since the 1990's; the first results in that direction are due to Bonnesen in the 1920's. For example, the excess perimeter of a set (as compared to a ball of the same volume) controls its difference from a suitable translate of that ball. Much less is known about convolutions and other multiple integrals that describe "nonlocal" interactions. In some cases, not even a complete list of maximizers is known. I will discuss very recent developments (due to M. Christ, Figalli, Jerison, and others), mention open problems, and present joint work with Greg Chambers on the Coulomb energy.
 +  [[Archived Fall 2016 ColloquiaFall 2016]] 
   
 +  [[Colloquia/Spring2016Spring 2016]] 
   
−  ===October 31: Bao Chau Ngo (Chicago)===
 +  [[Colloquia/Fall2015Fall 2015]] 
   
−  ====Lfunction, trace formula, and moduli space====
 +  [[Colloquia/Spring2014Spring 2015]] 
   
−  In his PhD thesis, J. Tate recast the construction of Riemann's
 +  [[Colloquia/Fall2014Fall 2014]] 
−  zeta function in term of harmonic analysis on the group of ideles. This
 
−  construction was generalized by Godement and Jacquet to principal
 
−  Lfunction of automorphic forms. In a minimalistic view, Langlands program
 
−  consists in understanding analytic properties of all automorphic Lfunctions.
 
−  Braverman and Kazhdan proposed a generalization of GodementJacquet's
 
−  construction. I will talk about these construction in connection with the trace
 
−  formula and the geometry of certain moduli spaces.
 
−   
−  ===(Monday) November 17: Kenneth Ho (Stanford)===
 
−   
−  ====Fast direct methods for structured matrices====
 
−   
−  Many linear systems arising in practice are governed by
 
−  rankstructured matrices. Examples include PDEs, integral equations,
 
−  Gaussian process regression, etc. In this talk, we describe our recent
 
−  work on fast direct algorithms that exploit such structure. These
 
−  methods are of particular interest due to their exceptional robustness
 
−  and high capacity for information reuse. Our main technical achievement
 
−  is a linearcomplexity matrix factorization as a generalized LU
 
−  decomposition. This factorization permits fast multiplication/inversion
 
−  and furthermore supports rapid updating. We anticipate that such
 
−  techniques will be gamechanging in environments requiring the analysis
 
−  of many righthand sides or the solution of many closely related
 
−  systems, such as in protein design or other inverse problems. Similar
 
−  applications abound in computational statistics and data analysis.
 
−   
−  ===(Wednesday) November 19: Craig Schroeder (UCLA)===
 
−   
−  ====Tackling the robustness problem in physicallybased simulation====
 
−   
−  Robustness is an important part of any practical numerical method. I will
 
−  discuss two different aspects of robustness that are relevant to modern
 
−  physicallybased simulation and the solutions that we have devised for each.
 
−  The first is the development of a numerical integrator for highdeformation
 
−  solids that exhibits exceptional stability and reliability while being
 
−  faster
 
−  than comparable existing methods. The second example is a provably robust
 
−  intersection algorithm for cutting meshes using floating point arithmetic.
 
−  I
 
−  will also talk about the method we developed with Disney that created the
 
−  most
 
−  dramatic snow scenes in Disney's "Frozen" and some of the things that we are
 
−  doing to make it robust..
 
−   
−   
−  ===November 21: Hung Tran (Univ. of Chicago)===
 
−   
−  ====Selection problems for a discounted degenerate viscous HamiltonJacobi equation====
 
−   
−  I will give first a brief overview on the selection problem for solutions of HamiltonJacobi equations, which leads to the theory of viscosity solutions. Then I will describe the cell/ergodic problem of interest and its interesting phenomena. Finally, I will state the corresponding selection problem, the main result, and explain some key ideas. This is a joint work with Hiroyoshi Mitake.
 
−   
−  ===(Monday) November 24: Qingtao Chen (ICTP, Italy)===
 
−   
−  ====Congruent skein relations for various quantum invariants of links====
 
−   
−  In knot theory, Jones, HOMFLY and Kauffman polynomials share the common feature that they can be defined via a purely combinatorial method called skein relation. By using a skein relation, a knot polynomial is defined recursively by reducing its crossings. From the discovery of quantum invariants, it is widely believed that such simple skein relations do not exist anymore due to the complexity of computation of quantum invariants. Recently, we proposed several very interesting congruent skein relations for colored HOMFLY invariants, as well as for colored Jones polynomials and su(n) invariants. We have proved series of infinite examples for these new conjectures, especially the knot case for congruent skein relation of colored Jones, as well as tested lots of highly nontrivial examples by using programming techniques. The motivation behind this phenomenon involves several areas of mathematics and string theory. We hope this will shed some light on the Volume conjecture and related topics. This is a joint work with Kefeng Liu, Pan Peng and Shengmao Zhu.
 
−   
−  ===(Tuesday) November 25: Qin Li (Caltech)===
 
−   
−  ====Intrinsic Sparse Mode Decomposition of High Dimensional Random Fields with Applications to Stochastic Elliptic PDEs====
 
−   
−  Inspired by the recent developments in data sciences, we introduce an
 
−  intrinsic sparse mode decomposition method for high dimensional random
 
−  fields. This sparse representation of the random field allows us to break a high dimensional stochastic field into many spatially localized modes with low stochastic dimension locally. Such decomposition enables us to break the curse of dimensionality in our local solvers. To obtain such representation,
 
−  we first decompose the covariance function into lowrank part plus sparse parts. We then extract the spatially localized modes from the sparse part by solving an $L^0$ minimization. We further relax this $L^0$ minimization
 
−  problem into an $L^1$ minimization and prove rigorously the equivalence of
 
−  the two formulations. Moreover, we provide an efficient algorithm to solve
 
−  it. As an application, we apply our method to solve elliptic PDEs with
 
−  random media having high stochastic dimension. Using this localized
 
−  representation, we propose various combinations of local and global solvers
 
−  that achieve different level of accuracy and efficiency. At the end of the
 
−  talk, I will also discuss other applications of the intrinsic sparse mode
 
−  extraction. This work is in collaboration with Thomas Y. Hou and Pengchuan
 
−  Zhang.
 
−   
−  ===(Monday) December 1: Joseph Neeman (UT Austin)===
 
−   
−  ====Some phase transitions in the stochastic block model====
 
−   
−  The stochastic block model is a random graph model that was originally 30 years ago to study community detection in networks. To generate a random graph from this model, begin with two classes of vertices and then connect each pair of vertices independently at random, with probability p if they are in the same class and probability q otherwise. Some questions come to mind: can we reconstruct the classes if we only observe the graph? What if we only want to partially reconstruct the classes? How different is this model from an ErdosRenyi graph anyway? The answers to these questions depend on p and q, and we will say exactly how.
 
−   
−  ===(Wednesday) December 3: Artem Chernikov (GTM,Paris)===
 
−   
−  ====Applications of model theory to geometric Ramsey theory====
 
−   
−  In a series of papers by Alon, Conlon, Fox, Gromov, Naor, Pach, Pinchasi, Radoicic, Sharir, Sudakov, Lafforgue, Suk and others, it was demonstrated that families of graphs with the edge relation given by a semialgebraic relation of bounded complexity satisfy much stronger regularity properties than arbitrary graphs, and can be decomposed into very homogeneous semialgebraic pieces modulo a small mistake (for example, the incidence relation between points and lines on the real plane, or higher dimensional analogues). We show that in fact the whole theory can be developed for families of graphs whose edge relation is uniformly definable in a structure satisfying a certain model theoretic property called distality, with respect to a large class of measures. Moreover, distality characterizes these strong regularity properties.
 
−   
−  The result is similar to Tao's recent algebraic regularity lemma, but covers an orthogonal class of examples (and applies in particular to definable graphs in ominimal theories and in padics).
 
−   
−  This is joint work with Sergei Starchenko.
 
−   
−  ===(Friday) December 5:
 
−   
−  ===(Monday) December 8: Alden Walker (Univ. of Chicago)===
 
−   
−  ====Gromov's surface subgroup question====
 
−   
−  Gromov asked whether every oneended hyperbolic group contains a subgroup isomorphic to the fundamental group of a closed surface. This question is open in general, but the answer is known to be "yes" for several notable classes of hyperbolic groups. I'll give some background on the question and describe the construction of surface subgroups of random groups, including why one might care about the case of random groups. I'll also explain some (interestingly superficial) similarities with the construction of surface subgroups of closed hyperbolic 3manifold groups due to Kahn and Markovic. This is joint work with Danny Calegari.
 
−   
−  ===(Wednesday) December 10: Jennifer Hom (Columbia)===
 
−   
−  ====The knot concordance group====
 
−   
−  Under the operation of connected sum, the set of knots in the 3sphere forms a monoid. Modulo an equivalence relation called concordance, this monoid becomes a group called the knot concordance group. We will consider various algebraic methods  both classical and modern  for better understanding the structure of this group.
 
−   
−  == Past Colloquia ==
 
   
 [[Colloquia/Spring2014Spring 2014]]   [[Colloquia/Spring2014Spring 2014]] 