Difference between revisions of "Geometry and Topology Seminar 2019-2020"

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m (Shuang78 moved page Geometry and Topology Seminar to Geometry and Topology Seminar 2019-2020: As we have finished the academic year 2019-2020 and we are entering a new academic year, we will need a new link to the G&T 2020-2021 seminars.)
 
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== Spring 2011 ==
+
The [[Geometry and Topology]] seminar meets in room '''901 of Van Vleck Hall''' on '''Fridays''' from '''1:20pm - 2:10pm'''.
 +
<br>
 +
For more information, contact Shaosai Huang.
  
The seminar will be held  in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm
+
[[Image:Hawk.jpg|thumb|300px]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Spring 2020 ==
  
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
{| cellpadding="8"
Line 9: Line 14:
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|-
|January 21
+
|Feb. 7
|Mohammed Abouzaid (Clay Institute & MIT)
+
|Xiangdong Xie  (Bowling Green University)
|[[#Mohammed Abouzaid (Clay Institute & MIT)|
+
| Minicourse 1: Quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces
''A plethora of exotic Stein manifolds'']]
+
|(Dymarz)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~oh/ Yong-Geun]
+
|-
 +
|Feb. 14
 +
|Xiangdong Xie  (Bowling Green University)
 +
| Minicourse 2: Quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces
 +
|(Dymarz)
 
|-
 
|-
|February 4
+
|Feb. 21
|Laurentiu Maxim (UW-Madison)
+
|Xiangdong Xie  (Bowling Green University)
|[[#Laurentiu Maxim (UW-Madison)|
+
| Minicourse 3: Quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces
''Intersection Space Homology and Hypersurface Singularities'']]
+
|(Dymarz)
|local
 
 
|-
 
|-
|March 4
+
|Feb. 28
|[http://www.massey.math.neu.edu/ David Massey] (Northeastern)
+
|Kuang-Ru Wu (Purdue University)
|[[#David Massey (Northeastern)|
+
|Griffiths extremality, interpolation of norms, and Kahler quantization
''Lê Numbers and the Topology of Non-isolated Hypersurface Singularities'']]
+
|(Huang)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|March 11
+
|Mar. 6
|Danny Calegari (Cal Tech)
+
|Yuanqi Wang (University of Kansas)
|[[#Danny Calegari (Cal Tech)|
+
|Moduli space of G2−instantons on 7−dimensional product manifolds
''TBA'']]
+
|(Huang)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~oh/ Yong-Geun]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|'''March 23, Wed, Room: TBA'''
+
|Mar. 13 <b>CANCELED</b>
 +
|Karin Melnick (University of Maryland)
 +
|A D'Ambra Theorem in conformal Lorentzian geometry
 +
|(Dymarz)
 +
|-
 +
|<b>Mar. 25</b> <b>CANCELED</b>
 
|Joerg Schuermann (University of Muenster, Germany)
 
|Joerg Schuermann (University of Muenster, Germany)
|[[#Joerg Schuermann (University of Muenster, Germany)|
+
|An introduction to Poincare-Hopf theorems for singular spaces via characteristic cycles
''TBA'']]
+
|(Maxim)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
+
|-
 +
|Mar. 27 <b>CANCELED</b>
 +
|David Massey (Northeastern University)
 +
|Extracting easily calculable algebraic data from the vanishing cycle complex
 +
|(Maxim)
 +
|-
 +
|Apr. 10
 +
|Antoine Song (Berkeley)
 +
|TBA
 +
|(Chen)
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Fall 2019 ==
 +
 
 +
{| cellpadding="8"
 +
!align="left" | date
 +
!align="left" | speaker
 +
!align="left" | title
 +
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|-
|May 6
+
|Oct. 4
|[http://www.math.neu.edu/~suciu/ Alex Suciu] (Northeastern)
+
|Ruobing Zhang (Stony Brook University)
|[[#Alex Suciu (Northeastern)|
+
| Geometric analysis of collapsing Calabi-Yau spaces
''TBA'']]
+
|(Chen)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|May 13
+
|-
|[http://www.math.wustl.edu/~apelayo/ Alvaro Pelayo] (IAS)
+
|Oct. 25
|[[#Alvaro Pelayo (IAS)|
+
|Emily Stark (Utah)
''Symplectic Dynamics of integrable Hamiltonian systems'']]
+
|  Action rigidity for free products of hyperbolic manifold groups
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~oh/ Yong-Geun]
+
|(Dymarz)
 +
|-
 +
|Nov. 8
 +
|Max Forester (University of Oklahoma)
 +
|Spectral gaps for stable commutator length in some cubulated groups
 +
|(Dymarz)
 +
|-
 +
|Nov. 22
 +
|Yu Li (Stony Brook University)
 +
|On the structure of Ricci shrinkers
 +
|(Huang)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Abstracts ==
+
==Spring Abstracts==
 +
 
 +
===Xiangdong Xie===
 +
 
 +
The quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces has played
 +
an important role in various  rigidity questions in geometry and group theory.
 +
In these talks I  shall give an introduction to this topic.  In the first talk I will introduce Gromov hyperbolic spaces, define their ideal boundary,  and  discuss their basic properties.  In the second and third talks I will define the visual metrics on the ideal boundary, explain the connection between quasiisometries of  Gromov hyperbolic space and quasiconformal maps on  their ideal boundary, and indicate  how the quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary can be used to deduce rigidity.
 +
 
 +
===Kuang-Ru Wu===
 +
 
 +
Following Kobayashi, we consider Griffiths negative complex Finsler bundles, naturally leading us to introduce Griffiths extremal Finsler metrics. As we point out, this notion is closely related to the theory of interpolation of norms, and is characterized by an equation of complex Monge– Ampere type, whose corresponding Dirichlet problem we solve. As applications, we prove that Griffiths extremal Finsler metrics quantize solutions to a natural PDE in Kahler geometry, related to the construction of flat maps for the Mabuchi metric. This is joint work with Tamas Darvas.
 +
 
 +
===Yuanqi Wang===
 +
$G_{2}-$instantons are 7-dimensional analogues of flat connections in dimension 3. It is part of Donaldson-Thomas’ program to generalize the fruitful gauge theory in dimensions 2,3,4 to dimensions 6,7,8. The moduli space of  $G_{2}-$instantons, with virtual dimension $0$, is  expected to have interesting  geometric structure and  yield enumerative invariant for the underlying $7-$dimensional manifold.
 +
 
 +
In this talk, in some reasonable special cases and a fairly complete manner, we will describe the relation between the moduli space of $G_{2}-$instantons and an algebraic geometry moduli on a Calabi-Yau 3-fold.
 +
 
 +
===Karin Melnick===
 +
 
 +
D'Ambra proved in 1988 that the isometry group of a compact, simply connected, real-analytic Lorentzian manifold must be compact. I will discuss my recent theorem that the conformal group of such a manifold must also be compact, and how it relates to the Lorentzian Lichnerowicz Conjecture.
 +
 
 +
===Joerg Schuermann===
 +
 
 +
We give an introduction to Poincare-Hopf theorems for singular spaces via characteristic cycles, based on stratified Morse theory for constructible functions. The corresponding local index of an isolated critical point (in a stratified sense) of a one-form depends on the constructible function, specializing for different choices to well known indices like the radial, GSV or Euler obstruction index.
  
===Mohammed Abouzaid (Clay Institute & MIT)===
+
===David Massey===
''A plethora of exotic Stein manifolds''
 
  
In real dimensions greater than 4, I will explain how a smooth
+
Given a complex analytic function on an open subset U  of C<sup>n+1</sup>, one may consider the complex of sheaves of vanishing cycles along f of the constant sheaf Z<sub>U</sub>. This complex encodes on the cohomological level the reduced cohomology of the Milnor fibers of f at each of f<sup>-1</sup>(0). The question is: how does one calculate (ideally, by hand)  any useful numbers about this vanishing cycle complex? One answer is to look at the Lê numbers of f. We will discuss the precise relationship between these objects/numbers.
manifold underlying an affine variety admits uncountably many distinct
 
(Wein)stein structures, of which countably many have finite type,
 
and which are distinguished by their symplectic cohomology groups.
 
Starting with a Lefschetz fibration on such a variety, I shall per-
 
form an explicit sequence of appropriate surgeries, keeping track of
 
the changes to the Fukaya category and hence, by understanding
 
open-closed maps, obtain descriptions of symplectic cohomology af-
 
ter surgery. (joint work with P. Seidel)
 
  
===Laurentiu Maxim (UW-Madison)===
+
===Antoine Song===
''Intersection Space Cohomology and Hypersurface Singularities''
 
  
A recent homotopy-theoretic procedure due to Banagl assigns to a certain singular space a cell complex, its intersection space, whose rational cohomology possesses Poincare duality. This yields a new cohomology theory for singular spaces, which has a richer internal algebraic structure than intersection cohomology (e.g., it has cup products), and which addresses certain questions in type II string theory related to massless D-branes arising during a Calabi-Yau conifold transition.
+
TBA
  
While intersection cohomology is stable under small resolutions, in recent joint work with Markus Banagl we proved that the new theory is often stable under smooth deformations of hypersurface singularities. When this is the case, we showed that the rational cohomology of the intersection space can be endowed with a mixed Hodge structure compatible with Deligne's mixed Hodge structure on the ordinary cohomology of the singular hypersurface.
+
==Fall Abstracts==
  
===David Massey (Northeastern)===
+
===Ruobing Zhang===
''Lê Numbers and the Topology of Non-isolated Hypersurface Singularities''
 
  
The results of Milnor from his now-classic 1968 work "Singular Points of Complex Hypersurfaces" are particularly strong when the singular points are isolated. One of the most striking subsequent results in this area, was the 1976 result of Lê and Ramanujam, in which the h-Cobordism Theorem was used to prove that constant Milnor number implies constant topological-type, for families of isolated hypersurfaces.
+
This talk centers on the degenerations of Calabi-Yau metrics. We will focus on the interactions between algebraic degenerations and metric convergence with highly singular behaviors in the collapsing case. As the complex structures degenerate, the collapsing Calabi-Yau metrics may exhibit various wild geometric properties with highly non-algebraic features.
  
In this talk, I will discuss the Lê cycles and Lê numbers of a singular hypersurface, and the results which seem to indicate that they are the "correct" generalization of the Milnor number for non-isolated hypersurface singularities.
+
First, as motivating examples, we will describe our recent results on the new collapsing mechanisms of K3 surfaces. Next, we will switch to higher dimensions and we will exhibit some entirely new constructions of degenerating Calabi-Yau metrics which are expected to work in broader contexts. Complex structures degeneration will be accurately characterized by the bubbling and singularity analysis in a geometric manner.
  
===Danny Calegari (Cal Tech)===
+
===Emily Stark===
''TBA''
 
  
===Alex Suciu (Northeastern)===
+
The relationship between the large-scale geometry of a group and its algebraic structure can be studied via three notions: a group's quasi-isometry class, a group's abstract commensurability class, and geometric actions on proper geodesic metric spaces. A common model geometry for groups G and G' is a proper geodesic metric space on which G and G' act geometrically. A group G is action rigid if every group G' that has a common model geometry with G is abstractly commensurable to G. For example, a closed hyperbolic n-manifold group is not action rigid for all n at least three. In contrast, we show that free products of closed hyperbolic manifold groups are action rigid. Consequently, we obtain the first examples of Gromov hyperbolic groups that are quasi-isometric but do not virtually have a common model geometry. This is joint work with Daniel Woodhouse.
''TBA''
 
  
===Joerg Schuermann (Muenster)===
+
===Max Forester===
''TBA''
 
  
===Alvaro Pelayo (IAS)===
+
I will discuss stable commutator length (scl) in groups, and some gap theorems for the scl spectrum. Such results say that for various groups, scl of an element is always either zero or is larger than some uniform constant. I will discuss the cases of right-angled Artin groups and certain right-angled Coxeter groups. This is joint work with Pallavi Dani, Ignat Soroko, and Jing Tao.
''Symplectic Dynamics of integrable Hamiltonian systems''
 
  
I will start with a review the basic notions of Hamiltonian/symplectic vector field and of Hamiltonian/symplectic
+
===Yu Li===
group action, and the classical structure theorems of Kostant, Atiyah,
+
We develop a structure theory for non-collapsed Ricci shrinkers without any curvature condition. As an application, we show that any Ricci shrinker whose second eigenvalue of the curvature operator is positive must be a quotient of sphere.
Guillemin-Sternberg and Delzant on Hamiltonian torus actions.
 
Then I will state a structure theorem for general symplectic torus
 
actions, and give an idea of its proof. In the second part of the talk
 
I will introduce new symplectic invariants of completely integrable
 
Hamiltonian systems in low dimensions, and explain how these invariants
 
determine, up to isomorphisms, the so called "semitoric systems".
 
Semitoric systems are Hamiltonian systems which lie somewhere between the more
 
rigid toric systems and the usually complicated general integrable
 
systems. Semitoric systems form a fundamental class of integrable systems,
 
commonly found in simple physical models such as the coupled
 
spin-oscillator, the Lagrange top and the spherical pendulum. Parts of
 
this talk are based on joint work with with Johannes J. Duistermaat and
 
San Vu Ngoc.
 
  
[[Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology]]
+
== Archive of past Geometry seminars ==
 +
2018-2019  [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2018-2019]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2017-2018 [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2017-2018]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2016-2017  [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2016-2017]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2015-2016: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2015-2016]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2014-2015: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2013-2014: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2013-2014]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2012-2013: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2012-2013]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2011-2012: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2011-2012]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2010: [[Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology]]

Latest revision as of 13:24, 22 July 2020

The Geometry and Topology seminar meets in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm.
For more information, contact Shaosai Huang.

Hawk.jpg


Spring 2020

date speaker title host(s)
Feb. 7 Xiangdong Xie (Bowling Green University) Minicourse 1: Quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces (Dymarz)
Feb. 14 Xiangdong Xie (Bowling Green University) Minicourse 2: Quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces (Dymarz)
Feb. 21 Xiangdong Xie (Bowling Green University) Minicourse 3: Quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces (Dymarz)
Feb. 28 Kuang-Ru Wu (Purdue University) Griffiths extremality, interpolation of norms, and Kahler quantization (Huang)
Mar. 6 Yuanqi Wang (University of Kansas) Moduli space of G2−instantons on 7−dimensional product manifolds (Huang)
Mar. 13 CANCELED Karin Melnick (University of Maryland) A D'Ambra Theorem in conformal Lorentzian geometry (Dymarz)
Mar. 25 CANCELED Joerg Schuermann (University of Muenster, Germany) An introduction to Poincare-Hopf theorems for singular spaces via characteristic cycles (Maxim)
Mar. 27 CANCELED David Massey (Northeastern University) Extracting easily calculable algebraic data from the vanishing cycle complex (Maxim)
Apr. 10 Antoine Song (Berkeley) TBA (Chen)

Fall 2019

date speaker title host(s)
Oct. 4 Ruobing Zhang (Stony Brook University) Geometric analysis of collapsing Calabi-Yau spaces (Chen)
Oct. 25 Emily Stark (Utah) Action rigidity for free products of hyperbolic manifold groups (Dymarz)
Nov. 8 Max Forester (University of Oklahoma) Spectral gaps for stable commutator length in some cubulated groups (Dymarz)
Nov. 22 Yu Li (Stony Brook University) On the structure of Ricci shrinkers (Huang)

Spring Abstracts

Xiangdong Xie

The quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary of Gromov hyperbolic spaces has played an important role in various rigidity questions in geometry and group theory. In these talks I shall give an introduction to this topic. In the first talk I will introduce Gromov hyperbolic spaces, define their ideal boundary, and discuss their basic properties. In the second and third talks I will define the visual metrics on the ideal boundary, explain the connection between quasiisometries of Gromov hyperbolic space and quasiconformal maps on their ideal boundary, and indicate how the quasiconformal structure on the ideal boundary can be used to deduce rigidity.

Kuang-Ru Wu

Following Kobayashi, we consider Griffiths negative complex Finsler bundles, naturally leading us to introduce Griffiths extremal Finsler metrics. As we point out, this notion is closely related to the theory of interpolation of norms, and is characterized by an equation of complex Monge– Ampere type, whose corresponding Dirichlet problem we solve. As applications, we prove that Griffiths extremal Finsler metrics quantize solutions to a natural PDE in Kahler geometry, related to the construction of flat maps for the Mabuchi metric. This is joint work with Tamas Darvas.

Yuanqi Wang

$G_{2}-$instantons are 7-dimensional analogues of flat connections in dimension 3. It is part of Donaldson-Thomas’ program to generalize the fruitful gauge theory in dimensions 2,3,4 to dimensions 6,7,8. The moduli space of $G_{2}-$instantons, with virtual dimension $0$, is expected to have interesting geometric structure and yield enumerative invariant for the underlying $7-$dimensional manifold.

In this talk, in some reasonable special cases and a fairly complete manner, we will describe the relation between the moduli space of $G_{2}-$instantons and an algebraic geometry moduli on a Calabi-Yau 3-fold.

Karin Melnick

D'Ambra proved in 1988 that the isometry group of a compact, simply connected, real-analytic Lorentzian manifold must be compact. I will discuss my recent theorem that the conformal group of such a manifold must also be compact, and how it relates to the Lorentzian Lichnerowicz Conjecture.

Joerg Schuermann

We give an introduction to Poincare-Hopf theorems for singular spaces via characteristic cycles, based on stratified Morse theory for constructible functions. The corresponding local index of an isolated critical point (in a stratified sense) of a one-form depends on the constructible function, specializing for different choices to well known indices like the radial, GSV or Euler obstruction index.

David Massey

Given a complex analytic function on an open subset U of Cn+1, one may consider the complex of sheaves of vanishing cycles along f of the constant sheaf ZU. This complex encodes on the cohomological level the reduced cohomology of the Milnor fibers of f at each of f-1(0). The question is: how does one calculate (ideally, by hand) any useful numbers about this vanishing cycle complex? One answer is to look at the Lê numbers of f. We will discuss the precise relationship between these objects/numbers.

Antoine Song

TBA

Fall Abstracts

Ruobing Zhang

This talk centers on the degenerations of Calabi-Yau metrics. We will focus on the interactions between algebraic degenerations and metric convergence with highly singular behaviors in the collapsing case. As the complex structures degenerate, the collapsing Calabi-Yau metrics may exhibit various wild geometric properties with highly non-algebraic features.

First, as motivating examples, we will describe our recent results on the new collapsing mechanisms of K3 surfaces. Next, we will switch to higher dimensions and we will exhibit some entirely new constructions of degenerating Calabi-Yau metrics which are expected to work in broader contexts. Complex structures degeneration will be accurately characterized by the bubbling and singularity analysis in a geometric manner.

Emily Stark

The relationship between the large-scale geometry of a group and its algebraic structure can be studied via three notions: a group's quasi-isometry class, a group's abstract commensurability class, and geometric actions on proper geodesic metric spaces. A common model geometry for groups G and G' is a proper geodesic metric space on which G and G' act geometrically. A group G is action rigid if every group G' that has a common model geometry with G is abstractly commensurable to G. For example, a closed hyperbolic n-manifold group is not action rigid for all n at least three. In contrast, we show that free products of closed hyperbolic manifold groups are action rigid. Consequently, we obtain the first examples of Gromov hyperbolic groups that are quasi-isometric but do not virtually have a common model geometry. This is joint work with Daniel Woodhouse.

Max Forester

I will discuss stable commutator length (scl) in groups, and some gap theorems for the scl spectrum. Such results say that for various groups, scl of an element is always either zero or is larger than some uniform constant. I will discuss the cases of right-angled Artin groups and certain right-angled Coxeter groups. This is joint work with Pallavi Dani, Ignat Soroko, and Jing Tao.

Yu Li

We develop a structure theory for non-collapsed Ricci shrinkers without any curvature condition. As an application, we show that any Ricci shrinker whose second eigenvalue of the curvature operator is positive must be a quotient of sphere.

Archive of past Geometry seminars

2018-2019 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2018-2019

2017-2018 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2017-2018

2016-2017 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2016-2017

2015-2016: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2015-2016

2014-2015: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015

2013-2014: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2013-2014

2012-2013: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2012-2013

2011-2012: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2011-2012

2010: Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology