Difference between revisions of "Geometry and Topology Seminar"

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== Spring 2011 ==
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The [[Geometry and Topology]] seminar meets in room '''901 of Van Vleck Hall''' on '''Fridays''' from '''1:20pm - 2:10pm'''.
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<br>
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For more information, contact Shaosai Huang.
  
The seminar will be held  in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm
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[[Image:Hawk.jpg|thumb|300px]]
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 +
 
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== Fall 2019 ==
  
 
{| cellpadding="8"
 
{| cellpadding="8"
Line 9: Line 16:
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
!align="left" | host(s)
 
|-
 
|-
|January 21
+
|Oct. 4
|Mohammed Abouzaid (Clay Institute & MIT)
+
|Ruobing Zhang (Stony Brook University)
|[[#Mohammed Abouzaid (Clay Institute & MIT)|
+
| Geometric analysis of collapsing Calabi-Yau spaces
''A plethora of exotic Stein manifolds'']]
+
|(Chen)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~oh/ Yong-Geun]
 
|-
 
|February 4
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Laurentiu Maxim] (UW-Madison)
 
|[[#Laurentiu Maxim (UW-Madison)|
 
''Intersection Space Homology and Hypersurface Singularities'']]
 
|local
 
|-
 
|February 11
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~rkent/ Richard Kent] (UW-Madison)
 
|[[#Richard Kent (UW-Madison)|
 
''Mapping class groups through profinite spectacles'']]
 
|local
 
|-
 
|February 18
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~jeffv/ Jeff Viaclovsky] (UW-Madison)
 
|[[#Jeff Viaclovsky (UW-Madison)|
 
''Rigidity and stability of Einstein metrics for quadratic curvature functionals'']]
 
|local
 
|-
 
|March 4
 
|[http://www.massey.math.neu.edu/ David Massey] (Northeastern)
 
|[[#David Massey (Northeastern)|
 
''Lê Numbers and the Topology of Non-isolated Hypersurface Singularities'']]
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
 
|-
 
|March 11
 
|Danny Calegari (Cal Tech)
 
|[[#Danny Calegari (Cal Tech)|
 
''Random rigidity in the free group'']]
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~oh/ Yong-Geun]
 
|-
 
|'''March 23, Wed'''
 
|Joerg Schuermann (University of Muenster, Germany)
 
|[[#Joerg Schuermann (University of Muenster, Germany)|
 
''Generating series for invariants of symmetric products'']]
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|April 15
 
|[http://euclid.colorado.edu/~gwilkin/ Graeme Wilkin] (U of Colorado-Boulder)
 
|[[#Graeme Wilkin (U of Colorado-Boulder)|
 
''Moment map flows and the Hecke correspondence for quivers'']]
 
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~mehrotra/ Sukhendu]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|April 29
+
|Oct. 25
|Steven Simon (Courant Institute, NYU)
+
|Emily Stark (Utah)
|[[#Steven Simon (Courant)|
+
| Action rigidity for free products of hyperbolic manifold groups
''TBA'']]
+
|(Dymarz)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|May 6
+
|Nov. 8
|[http://www.math.neu.edu/~suciu/ Alex Suciu] (Northeastern)
+
|Max Forester (University of Oklahoma)
|[[#Alex Suciu (Northeastern)|
+
|Spectral gaps for stable commutator length in some cubulated groups
''TBA'']]
+
|(Dymarz)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~maxim/ Maxim]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|May 13
+
|Nov. 22
|[http://www.math.wustl.edu/~apelayo/ Alvaro Pelayo] (IAS)
+
|Yu Li (Stony Brook University)
|[[#Alvaro Pelayo (IAS)|
+
|On the structure of Ricci shrinkers
''Symplectic Dynamics of integrable Hamiltonian systems'']]
+
|(Huang)
|[http://www.math.wisc.edu/~oh/ Yong-Geun]
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Abstracts ==
+
==Fall Abstracts==
 
 
===Mohammed Abouzaid (Clay Institute & MIT)===
 
''A plethora of exotic Stein manifolds''
 
 
 
In real dimensions greater than 4, I will explain how a smooth
 
manifold underlying an affine variety admits uncountably many distinct
 
(Wein)stein structures, of which countably many have finite type,
 
and which are distinguished by their symplectic cohomology groups.
 
Starting with a Lefschetz fibration on such a variety, I shall per-
 
form an explicit sequence of appropriate surgeries, keeping track of
 
the changes to the Fukaya category and hence, by understanding
 
open-closed maps, obtain descriptions of symplectic cohomology af-
 
ter surgery. (joint work with P. Seidel)
 
 
 
===Laurentiu Maxim (UW-Madison)===
 
''Intersection Space Homology and Hypersurface Singularities''
 
 
 
A recent homotopy-theoretic procedure due to Banagl assigns to a certain singular space a cell complex, its intersection space, whose rational cohomology possesses Poincare duality. This yields a new cohomology theory for singular spaces, which has a richer internal algebraic structure than intersection cohomology (e.g., it has cup products), and which addresses certain questions in type II string theory related to massless D-branes arising during a Calabi-Yau conifold transition.
 
 
 
While intersection cohomology is stable under small resolutions, in recent joint work with Markus Banagl we proved that the new theory is often stable under smooth deformations of hypersurface singularities. When this is the case, we showed that the rational cohomology of the intersection space can be endowed with a mixed Hodge structure compatible with Deligne's mixed Hodge structure on the ordinary cohomology of the singular hypersurface.
 
 
 
===Richard Kent (UW-Madison)===
 
''Mapping class groups through profinite spectacles''
 
 
 
It is a theorem of Bass, Lazard, and Serre, and, independently,
 
Mennicke, that the special linear group SL(n,Z) enjoys the congruence
 
subgroup property when n is at least 3.  This property is most quickly
 
described by saying that the profinite completion of the special
 
linear group injects into the special linear group of the profinite
 
completion of Z.  There is a natural analog of this property for
 
mapping class groups of surfaces.  Namely, one may ask if the
 
profinite completion of the mapping class group embeds in the outer
 
automorphism group of the profinite completion of the surface group.
 
 
 
M. Boggi has a program to establish this property for mapping class
 
groups.  I'll discuss some partial results, and what remains to be
 
done.
 
 
 
===Jeff Viaclovsky (UW-Madison)===
 
''Rigidity and stability of Einstein metrics for quadratic curvature functionals''
 
 
 
===David Massey (Northeastern)===
 
''Lê Numbers and the Topology of Non-isolated Hypersurface Singularities''
 
 
 
The results of Milnor from his now-classic 1968 work "Singular Points of Complex Hypersurfaces" are particularly strong when the singular points are isolated. One of the most striking subsequent results in this area, was the 1976 result of Lê and Ramanujam, in which the h-Cobordism Theorem was used to prove that constant Milnor number implies constant topological-type, for families of isolated hypersurfaces.
 
 
 
In this talk, I will discuss the Lê cycles and Lê numbers of a singular hypersurface, and the results which seem to indicate that they are the "correct" generalization of the Milnor number for non-isolated hypersurface singularities.
 
 
 
===Danny Calegari (Cal Tech)===
 
''Random rigidity in the free group''
 
 
 
We prove a rigidity theorem for the geometry of the unit ball in the stable commutator length norm spanned by k random elements of the commutator subgroup of a free group of fixed big length n; such unit balls are C^0 close to regular octahedra. A heuristic argument suggests that the same is true in all hyperbolic groups. This is joint work with Alden Walker.
 
  
===Joerg Schuermann (Muenster)===
+
===Ruobing Zhang===
''Generating series for invariants of symmetric products"
 
  
We explain new formulae for the generating series of
+
This talk centers on the degenerations of Calabi-Yau metrics. We will focus on the interactions between algebraic degenerations and metric convergence with highly singular behaviors in the collapsing case. As the complex structures degenerate, the collapsing Calabi-Yau metrics may exhibit various wild geometric properties with highly non-algebraic features.
Hodge theoretical invariants for symmetric products
 
of complex quasi-projective varieties and mixed Hodge module
 
complexes. These invariants include the corresponding Hodge
 
polynomial as well as Hirzebruch characteristic classes,
 
including those accociated to middle intersection cohomology.
 
This is joint work with L. Maxim, M. Saito, S. Cappell,
 
J. Shaneson and S. Yokura.
 
  
===Graeme Wilkin (U of Colorado-Boulder)===
+
First, as motivating examples, we will describe our recent results on the new collapsing mechanisms of K3 surfaces. Next, we will switch to higher dimensions and we will exhibit some entirely new constructions of degenerating Calabi-Yau metrics which are expected to work in broader contexts. Complex structures degeneration will be accurately characterized by the bubbling and singularity analysis in a geometric manner.
''Moment map flows and the Hecke correspondence for quivers''
 
  
Quiver varieties are a fundamental part of Nakajima's work in
+
===Emily Stark===
Geometric Representation Theory, but some of their basic topological
 
invariants (such as the cohomology ring) are not yet well-understood. In
 
the first part of the talk I will give the definition of a quiver variety
 
and describe some examples, before giving an overview (again with
 
examples) of some of Nakajima's constructions, one of which is the Hecke
 
correspondence for quivers. In the second part of the talk I will explain
 
a new theorem that gives an analytic description of the Hecke
 
correspondence in terms of the gradient flow of an energy functional.
 
This is related to an ongoing program to use Morse theory to study the
 
cohomology of quiver varieties, and, if time permits, then I will state
 
some conjectures in this direction.
 
  
===Alex Suciu (Northeastern)===
+
The relationship between the large-scale geometry of a group and its algebraic structure can be studied via three notions: a group's quasi-isometry class, a group's abstract commensurability class, and geometric actions on proper geodesic metric spaces. A common model geometry for groups G and G' is a proper geodesic metric space on which G and G' act geometrically. A group G is action rigid if every group G' that has a common model geometry with G is abstractly commensurable to G. For example, a closed hyperbolic n-manifold group is not action rigid for all n at least three. In contrast, we show that free products of closed hyperbolic manifold groups are action rigid. Consequently, we obtain the first examples of Gromov hyperbolic groups that are quasi-isometric but do not virtually have a common model geometry. This is joint work with Daniel Woodhouse.
''TBA''
 
  
 +
===Max Forester===
  
===Alvaro Pelayo (IAS)===
+
I will discuss stable commutator length (scl) in groups, and some gap theorems for the scl spectrum. Such results say that for various groups, scl of an element is always either zero or is larger than some uniform constant. I will discuss the cases of right-angled Artin groups and certain right-angled Coxeter groups. This is joint work with Pallavi Dani, Ignat Soroko, and Jing Tao.
''Symplectic Dynamics of integrable Hamiltonian systems''
 
  
I will start with a review the basic notions of Hamiltonian/symplectic vector field and of Hamiltonian/symplectic
+
===Yu Li===
group action, and the classical structure theorems of Kostant, Atiyah,
+
We develop a structure theory for non-collapsed Ricci shrinkers without any curvature condition. As an application, we show that any Ricci shrinker whose second eigenvalue of the curvature operator is positive must be a quotient of sphere.
Guillemin-Sternberg and Delzant on Hamiltonian torus actions.
 
Then I will state a structure theorem for general symplectic torus
 
actions, and give an idea of its proof. In the second part of the talk
 
I will introduce new symplectic invariants of completely integrable
 
Hamiltonian systems in low dimensions, and explain how these invariants
 
determine, up to isomorphisms, the so called "semitoric systems".
 
Semitoric systems are Hamiltonian systems which lie somewhere between the more
 
rigid toric systems and the usually complicated general integrable
 
systems. Semitoric systems form a fundamental class of integrable systems,
 
commonly found in simple physical models such as the coupled
 
spin-oscillator, the Lagrange top and the spherical pendulum. Parts of
 
this talk are based on joint work with with Johannes J. Duistermaat and
 
San Vu Ngoc.
 
  
[[Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology]]
+
== Archive of past Geometry seminars ==
 +
2018-2019  [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2018-2019]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2017-2018 [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2017-2018]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2016-2017  [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2016-2017]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2015-2016: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2015-2016]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2014-2015: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2013-2014: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2013-2014]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2012-2013: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2012-2013]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2011-2012: [[Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2011-2012]]
 +
<br><br>
 +
2010: [[Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology]]

Latest revision as of 08:44, 4 November 2019

The Geometry and Topology seminar meets in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Fridays from 1:20pm - 2:10pm.
For more information, contact Shaosai Huang.

Hawk.jpg



Fall 2019

date speaker title host(s)
Oct. 4 Ruobing Zhang (Stony Brook University) Geometric analysis of collapsing Calabi-Yau spaces (Chen)
Oct. 25 Emily Stark (Utah) Action rigidity for free products of hyperbolic manifold groups (Dymarz)
Nov. 8 Max Forester (University of Oklahoma) Spectral gaps for stable commutator length in some cubulated groups (Dymarz)
Nov. 22 Yu Li (Stony Brook University) On the structure of Ricci shrinkers (Huang)

Fall Abstracts

Ruobing Zhang

This talk centers on the degenerations of Calabi-Yau metrics. We will focus on the interactions between algebraic degenerations and metric convergence with highly singular behaviors in the collapsing case. As the complex structures degenerate, the collapsing Calabi-Yau metrics may exhibit various wild geometric properties with highly non-algebraic features.

First, as motivating examples, we will describe our recent results on the new collapsing mechanisms of K3 surfaces. Next, we will switch to higher dimensions and we will exhibit some entirely new constructions of degenerating Calabi-Yau metrics which are expected to work in broader contexts. Complex structures degeneration will be accurately characterized by the bubbling and singularity analysis in a geometric manner.

Emily Stark

The relationship between the large-scale geometry of a group and its algebraic structure can be studied via three notions: a group's quasi-isometry class, a group's abstract commensurability class, and geometric actions on proper geodesic metric spaces. A common model geometry for groups G and G' is a proper geodesic metric space on which G and G' act geometrically. A group G is action rigid if every group G' that has a common model geometry with G is abstractly commensurable to G. For example, a closed hyperbolic n-manifold group is not action rigid for all n at least three. In contrast, we show that free products of closed hyperbolic manifold groups are action rigid. Consequently, we obtain the first examples of Gromov hyperbolic groups that are quasi-isometric but do not virtually have a common model geometry. This is joint work with Daniel Woodhouse.

Max Forester

I will discuss stable commutator length (scl) in groups, and some gap theorems for the scl spectrum. Such results say that for various groups, scl of an element is always either zero or is larger than some uniform constant. I will discuss the cases of right-angled Artin groups and certain right-angled Coxeter groups. This is joint work with Pallavi Dani, Ignat Soroko, and Jing Tao.

Yu Li

We develop a structure theory for non-collapsed Ricci shrinkers without any curvature condition. As an application, we show that any Ricci shrinker whose second eigenvalue of the curvature operator is positive must be a quotient of sphere.

Archive of past Geometry seminars

2018-2019 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2018-2019

2017-2018 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2017-2018

2016-2017 Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2016-2017

2015-2016: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2015-2016

2014-2015: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2014-2015

2013-2014: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2013-2014

2012-2013: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2012-2013

2011-2012: Geometry_and_Topology_Seminar_2011-2012

2010: Fall-2010-Geometry-Topology