Difference between revisions of "NTS ABSTRACT"

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Revision as of 08:12, 11 April 2016

Return to NTS Spring 2016

Jan 28

Nigel Boston
The 2-class tower of Q(√-5460)

What is the liminf of the root-discriminants of all number fields? It's known (under GRH) to lie between 44.8 and 82.1. I'll explain how trying to tighten this range leads us to ask whether the 2-class tower of Q(√-5460) is finite or not and I'll describe how we find ways to address this question despite repeated combinatorial explosions in the calculation. This is joint work with Jiuya Wang.


Feb 04

Shamgar Gurevich
Low Dimensional Representations of Finite Classical Groups

Group theorists have established many formulas that express interesting properties of a finite group in terms of sums of characters of the group. An obstacle to applying these formulas is lack of control over the dimensions of representations of the group. In particular, the representations of small dimension tend to contribute the largest terms to these sums, so a systematic knowledge of these small representations could lead to proofs of some of these facts. This talk will discuss a new method for systematically constructing the small representations of finite classical groups. I will explain the method with concrete examples and applications. This is part from a joint project with Roger Howe (Yale).


Feb 11

Naser Talebi Zadeh
Optimal Strong Approximation for Quadratic Forms

Ntsardari1.jpg


Feb 18

Padmavathi Srinivasan
Conductors and minimal discriminants of hyperelliptic curves with rational Weierstrass points

Conductors and minimal discriminants are two measures of degeneracy of the singular fiber in a family of hyperelliptic curves. In the case of elliptic curves, the Ogg-Saito formula shows that (the negative of) the Artin conductor equals the minimal discriminant. In the case of genus two curves, equality no longer holds in general, but the two invariants are related by an inequality. We investigate the relation between these two invariants for hyperelliptic curves of arbitrary genus.


Mar 10

Joseph Gunther
Integral Points of Bounded Degree in Dynamical Orbits

What should we mean by a random algebraic number? We'll examine this question in the context of determining the average number of integral points in dynamical orbits on the projective line, where we specifically don't work over a fixed number field. The tools will include variants of the Batyrev-Manin conjecture and a generalization of Siegel's theorem about integral points on curves.


Mar 17

Jinhyun Park
Algebraic cycles and crystalline cohomology

After A. Weil formulated Weil conjectures for Hasse-Weil zeta functions of varieties over finite fields, A. Grothendieck postulated that a reasonable cohomology theory (a good Weil cohomology) and a good understanding of algebraic cycles (e.g. the standard conjectures?) would resolve the Weil conjectures. P. Deligne’s final resolution in 1970s of the Weil conjectures however came through l-adic étale cohomology, and without resorting to the theory of algebraic cycles.

In this talk, we try to shed some lights this question again from the point of view of algebraic cycles, with the slogan “Algebraic cycles should know the arithmetic” in mind. More specifically, we discuss how one can describe the de Rham-Witt complexes in terms of algebraic cycles, thus giving a algebraic-cycle theoretic description of crystalline cohomology theory.


Apr 01

Jacob Tsimerman
Coming soon...

This talk will now occur in the Algebraic Geometry Seminar, which occurs Friday Apr 01 at 2:25 PM in B113.


Feb 04

Shamgar Gurevich
Low Dimensional Representations of Finite Classical Groups

Group theorists have established many formulas that express interesting properties of a finite group in terms of sums of characters of the group. An obstacle to applying these formulas is lack of control over the dimensions of representations of the group. In particular, the representations of small dimension tend to contribute the largest terms to these sums, so a systematic knowledge of these small representations could lead to proofs of some of these facts. This talk will discuss a new method for systematically constructing the small representations of finite classical groups. I will explain the method with concrete examples and applications. This is part from a joint project with Roger Howe (Yale).


Apr 07

Jose Rodriguez
Numerically computing Galois groups for applications

The Galois/monodromy group of a family of equations (or of a geometric problem) is a subtle invariant that encodes the structure of the solutions. In this talk, we will use numerical algebraic geometry to compute Galois groups. Our algorithm computes a witness set for the critical points of our family of equations. With this witness set, we use homotopy continuation to construct a generating set for the Galois group. Examples from classical algebraic geometry, kinematics, and formation shape control will be presented to illustrate the method. A background in algebraic geometry or numerical analysis will not be assumed. Joint work with Jonathan Haeunstein and Frank Sottile.


Apr 14

Eyal Goren
Unitary Shimura varieties in positive characteristic

I will report on joint work with Ehud DeShalit (Hebrew University). Unitary Shimura varieties are moduli spaces of abelian varieties with an action of a quadratic imaginary field. They form an interesting class of Shimura varieties and have been studied intensively as a test ground for the Langlands conjectures on automorphicity of L-functions, in the context of the local Langlands correspondence and in the context of Kudla's program. I will offer a rather detailed picture of such varieties associated to the unitary group GU(2,1), the so-called Picard modular surfaces. Many of the results extend to the case of signature (n,1), n>0.


Apr 21

Raphael von Känel
Integral points on moduli schemes

We present explicit finiteness results for integral points on certain moduli schemes of abelian varieties of GL(2)-type. Parts of the results were obtained jointly with Benjamin Matschke or with Arno Kret. We also explain the strategy of proof which combines the method of Faltings (Arakelov, Parsin, Szpiro) with modularity results.


May 05

Mirela Çiperiani


May 12

Kevin Hughes