Difference between revisions of "PDE Geometric Analysis seminar"

From Math
Jump to: navigation, search
(Abstracts)
 
(76 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
===[[Previous PDE/GA seminars]]===
 
===[[Previous PDE/GA seminars]]===
===[[Fall 2018 | Tentative schedule for Fall 2018]]===
+
===[[Fall 2019-Spring 2020 | Tentative schedule for Fall 2019-Spring 2020]]===
  
 
+
== PDE GA Seminar Schedule Fall 2018-Spring 2019 ==
 
+
== PDE GA Seminar Schedule Spring 2018 ==
+
  
  
Line 16: Line 14:
  
 
|-   
 
|-   
|January 29
+
|August 31 (FRIDAY),
| Dan Knopf (UT Austin)
+
| Julian Lopez-Gomez (Complutense University of Madrid)
|[[#Dan Knopf |  Non-Kähler Ricci flow singularities that converge to Kähler-Ricci solitons]]
+
|[[#Julian Lopez-Gomez | The theorem of characterization of the Strong Maximum Principle ]]
| Angenent
+
| Rabinowitz
|-
+
 
|February 5
+
|-   
| Andreas Seeger (UW)
+
|September 10,
|[[#Andreas Seeger | TBD ]]
+
| Hiroyoshi Mitake (University of Tokyo)
| Kim & Tran
+
|[[#Hiroyoshi Mitake | On approximation of time-fractional fully nonlinear equations ]]
|-
+
|February 12
+
| Sam Krupa (UT-Austin)
+
|[[#Sam Krupa | TBD ]]
+
| Lee
+
|-
+
|February 19
+
| Maja Taskovic (UPenn)
+
|[[#Maja Taskovic |  TBD ]]
+
| Kim
+
|-  
+
|March 5
+
| Khai Nguyen (NCSU)
+
|[[#Khai Nguyen |  TBD ]]
+
 
| Tran
 
| Tran
|-  
+
|-
|March 12
+
|September 12 and September 14,
| Hongwei Gao (UCLA)
+
| Gunther Uhlmann (UWash)
|[[#Hongwei Gao TBD ]]
+
|[[#Gunther Uhlmann | TBA ]]
 +
| Li
 +
|- 
 +
|September 17,
 +
| Changyou Wang (Purdue)
 +
|[[#Changyou Wang Some recent results on mathematical analysis of Ericksen-Leslie System ]]
 
| Tran
 
| Tran
|-
 
|March 19
 
| Huy Nguyen (Princeton)
 
|[[#Huy Nguyen |  TBD ]]
 
| Lee
 
 
|-
 
|-
|April 9
+
|Sep 28, Colloquium
| reserved
+
| [https://www.math.cmu.edu/~gautam/sj/index.html Gautam Iyer] (CMU)
|[[# |  TBD ]]
+
|[[#Sep 28: Gautam Iyer (CMU)| Stirring and Mixing ]]
| Tran
+
| Thiffeault
 +
|-  
 +
|October 1,
 +
| Matthew Schrecker (UW)
 +
|[[#Matthew Schrecker | Finite energy methods for the 1D isentropic Euler equations ]]
 +
| Kim and Tran
 +
|- 
 +
|October 8,
 +
| Anna Mazzucato (PSU)
 +
|[[#Anna Mazzucato | On the vanishing viscosity limit in incompressible flows ]]
 +
| Li and Kim
 +
|- 
 +
|October 15,
 +
| Lei Wu (Lehigh)
 +
|[[#Lei Wu | Hydrodynamic Limits in Kinetic Equations with Boundary Layer Effects ]]
 +
| Kim
 +
|- 
 +
|October 22,
 +
| Annalaura Stingo (UCD)
 +
|[[#Annalaura Stingo | Global existence of small solutions to a model wave-Klein-Gordon system in 2D ]]
 +
| Mihaela Ifrim
 +
|- 
 +
|October 29,
 +
| Yeon-Eung Kim (UW)
 +
|[[#Yeon-Eung Kim | TBA ]]
 +
| Kim and Tran
 +
|- 
 +
|November 5,
 +
| Albert Ai (UC Berkeley)
 +
|[[#Albert Ai | Low Regularity Solutions for Gravity Water Waves ]]
 +
| Mihaela Ifrim
 +
|- 
 +
|December 3,
 +
| Trevor Leslie (UW)
 +
|[[#Trevor Leslie | TBA ]]
 +
| Kim and Tran  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|April 21-22 (Saturday-Sunday)
+
|December 10,
| Midwest PDE seminar
+
( )
|[[#Midwest PDE seminar | ]]
+
|[[# | TBA ]]
| Angenent, Feldman, Kim, Tran.
+
|
 
|-  
 
|-  
|April 25 (Wednesday)
+
|January 28,
| Hitoshi Ishii (Wasow lecture)
+
( )
|[[#Hitoshi Ishii TBD]]
+
|[[#  | TBA ]]
| Tran.
+
 +
|-
 +
|Time: TBD,
 +
| Jessica Lin (McGill University)
 +
|[[#Jessica Lin | TBA ]]
 +
| Tran
 +
|-   
 +
|March 4
 +
| Vladimir Sverak (Minnesota)
 +
|[[#Vladimir Sverak | TBA(Wasow lecture) ]]
 +
| Kim
 +
|-   
 +
|March 11
 +
| Jonathan Luk (Stanford)
 +
|[[#Jonathan Luk | TBA ]]
 +
| Kim
 +
|-
 +
|March 18,
 +
| Spring recess (Mar 16-24, 2019)
 +
|[[#  |  ]]
 +
 +
|-
 +
|April 29,
 +
|  ( )
 +
|[[#  | TBA ]]
 +
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
== Abstracts ==
 
== Abstracts ==
  
===Dan Knopf===
+
===Julian Lopez-Gomez===
 +
 
 +
Title: The theorem of characterization of the Strong Maximum Principle
 +
 
 +
Abstract: The main goal of this talk is to discuss the classical (well known) versions of the strong maximum principle of Hopf and Oleinik, as well as the generalized maximum principle of Protter and Weinberger. These results serve as steps towards the theorem of characterization of the strong maximum principle of the speaker, Molina-Meyer and Amann, which substantially generalizes  a popular result of Berestycki, Nirenberg and Varadhan.
 +
 
 +
===Hiroyoshi Mitake===
 +
Title: On approximation of time-fractional fully nonlinear equations
 +
 
 +
Abstract: Fractional calculus has been studied extensively these years in wide fields. In this talk, we consider time-fractional fully nonlinear equations. Giga-Namba (2017) recently has established the well-posedness (i.e., existence/uniqueness) of viscosity solutions to this equation. We introduce a natural approximation in terms of elliptic theory and prove the convergence. The talk is based on the joint work with Y. Giga (Univ. of Tokyo) and Q. Liu (Fukuoka Univ.)
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Changyou Wang===
 +
 
 +
Title: Some recent results on mathematical analysis of Ericksen-Leslie System
 +
 
 +
Abstract: The Ericksen-Leslie system is the governing equation  that describes the hydrodynamic evolution of nematic liquid crystal materials, first introduced by J. Ericksen and F. Leslie back in 1960's. It is a coupling system between the underlying fluid velocity field and the macroscopic average orientation field of the nematic liquid crystal molecules. Mathematically, this system couples the Navier-Stokes equation and the harmonic heat flow into the unit sphere. It is very challenging to analyze such a system by establishing the existence, uniqueness, and (partial) regularity of global (weak/large) solutions, with many basic questions to be further exploited. In this talk, I will report some results we obtained from the last few years.
 +
 
 +
===Matthew Schrecker===
 +
 
 +
Title: Finite energy methods for the 1D isentropic Euler equations
 +
 
 +
Abstract: In this talk, I will present some recent results concerning the 1D isentropic Euler equations using the theory of compensated compactness in the framework of finite energy solutions. In particular, I will discuss the convergence of the vanishing viscosity limit of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations to the Euler equations in one space dimension. I will also discuss how the techniques developed for this problem can be applied to the existence theory for the spherically symmetric Euler equations and the transonic nozzle problem. One feature of these three problems is the lack of a priori estimates in the space $L^\infty$, which prevent the application of the standard theory for the 1D Euler equations.
 +
 
 +
===Anna Mazzucato===
 +
 
 +
Title: On the vanishing viscosity limit in incompressible flows
 +
 
 +
Abstract: I will discuss recent results on the  analysis of the vanishing viscosity limit, that is, whether solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations converge to solutions of the Euler equations, for incompressible fluids when walls are present. At small viscosity, a viscous boundary layer arise near the walls where large gradients of velocity and vorticity  may form and propagate in the bulk (if the boundary layer separates). A rigorous justification of Prandtl approximation, in absence of analyticity or monotonicity of the data, is available essentially only in the linear or weakly linear regime under no-slip boundary conditions.  I will present in particular a detailed analysis of the boundary layer for an Oseen-type equation (linearization around a steady Euler flow) in general smooth domains.
 +
 
 +
===Lei Wu===
 +
 
 +
Title: Hydrodynamic Limits in Kinetic Equations with Boundary Layer Effects
 +
 
 +
Abstract: Hydrodynamic limits concern the rigorous derivation of fluid equations from kinetic theory. In bounded domains, kinetic boundary corrections (i.e. boundary layers) play a crucial role. In this talk, I will discuss a fresh formulation to characterize the boundary layer with geometric correction, and in particular, its applications in 2D smooth convex domains with in-flow or diffusive boundary conditions. We will focus on some newly developed techniques to justify the asymptotic expansion, e.g. weighted regularity in Milne problems and boundary layer decomposition.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Annalaura Stingo===
 +
 
 +
Title: Global existence of small solutions to a model wave-Klein-Gordon system in 2D
 +
 
 +
Abstract: This talk deals with the problem of global existence of solutions to a quadratic coupled wave-Klein-Gordon system in space dimension 2, when initial data are small, smooth and mildly decaying at infinity.Some physical models, especially related to general relativity, have shown the importance of studying such systems. At present, most of the existing results concern the 3-dimensional case or that of compactly supported initial data. We content ourselves here with studying the case of a model quadratic quasi-linear non-linearity, that expresses in terms of « null forms »  .
 +
Our aim is to obtain some energy estimates on the solution when some Klainerman vector fields are acting on it, and sharp uniform estimates. The former ones are recovered making systematically use of normal forms’ arguments for quasi-linear equations, in their para-differential version, whereas we derive the latter ones by deducing a system of ordinary differential equations from the starting partial differential system. We hope this strategy will lead us in the future to treat the case of the most general non-linearities. »
 +
 
 +
===Albert Ai===
  
Title: Non-Kähler Ricci flow singularities that converge to Kähler-Ricci solitons
+
Title: Low Regularity Solutions for Gravity Water Waves
  
Abstract: We describe Riemannian (non-Kähler) Ricci flow solutions that develop finite-time Type-I singularities whose parabolic dilations converge to a shrinking Kähler–Ricci soliton singularity model. More specifically, the singularity model for these solutions is the “blowdown soliton” discovered by Feldman, Ilmanen, and Knopf in 2003. Our results support the conjecture that the blowdown soliton is stable under Ricci flow. This work also provides the first set of rigorous examples of non-Kähler solutions of Ricci flow that become asymptotically Kähler, in suitable space-time neighborhoods of developing singularities, at rates that break scaling invariance. These results support the conjectured stability of the subspace of Kähler metrics under Ricci flow.
+
Abstract: We consider the local well-posedness of the Cauchy problem for the gravity water waves equations, which model the free interface between a fluid and air in the presence of gravity. It has been known that by using dispersive effects, one can lower the regularity threshold for well-posedness below that which is attainable by energy estimates alone. Using a paradifferential reduction of Alazard-Burq-Zuily and low regularity Strichartz estimates, we apply this idea to the well-posedness of the gravity water waves equations in arbitrary space dimension. Further, in two space dimensions, we discuss how one can apply local smoothing effects to further extend this result.

Latest revision as of 18:03, 12 October 2018

The seminar will be held in room 901 of Van Vleck Hall on Mondays from 3:30pm - 4:30pm, unless indicated otherwise.

Previous PDE/GA seminars

Tentative schedule for Fall 2019-Spring 2020

PDE GA Seminar Schedule Fall 2018-Spring 2019

date speaker title host(s)
August 31 (FRIDAY), Julian Lopez-Gomez (Complutense University of Madrid) The theorem of characterization of the Strong Maximum Principle Rabinowitz
September 10, Hiroyoshi Mitake (University of Tokyo) On approximation of time-fractional fully nonlinear equations Tran
September 12 and September 14, Gunther Uhlmann (UWash) TBA Li
September 17, Changyou Wang (Purdue) Some recent results on mathematical analysis of Ericksen-Leslie System Tran
Sep 28, Colloquium Gautam Iyer (CMU) Stirring and Mixing Thiffeault
October 1, Matthew Schrecker (UW) Finite energy methods for the 1D isentropic Euler equations Kim and Tran
October 8, Anna Mazzucato (PSU) On the vanishing viscosity limit in incompressible flows Li and Kim
October 15, Lei Wu (Lehigh) Hydrodynamic Limits in Kinetic Equations with Boundary Layer Effects Kim
October 22, Annalaura Stingo (UCD) Global existence of small solutions to a model wave-Klein-Gordon system in 2D Mihaela Ifrim
October 29, Yeon-Eung Kim (UW) TBA Kim and Tran
November 5, Albert Ai (UC Berkeley) Low Regularity Solutions for Gravity Water Waves Mihaela Ifrim
December 3, Trevor Leslie (UW) TBA Kim and Tran
December 10, ( ) TBA
January 28, ( ) TBA
Time: TBD, Jessica Lin (McGill University) TBA Tran
March 4 Vladimir Sverak (Minnesota) TBA(Wasow lecture) Kim
March 11 Jonathan Luk (Stanford) TBA Kim
March 18, Spring recess (Mar 16-24, 2019)
April 29, ( ) TBA

Abstracts

Julian Lopez-Gomez

Title: The theorem of characterization of the Strong Maximum Principle

Abstract: The main goal of this talk is to discuss the classical (well known) versions of the strong maximum principle of Hopf and Oleinik, as well as the generalized maximum principle of Protter and Weinberger. These results serve as steps towards the theorem of characterization of the strong maximum principle of the speaker, Molina-Meyer and Amann, which substantially generalizes a popular result of Berestycki, Nirenberg and Varadhan.

Hiroyoshi Mitake

Title: On approximation of time-fractional fully nonlinear equations

Abstract: Fractional calculus has been studied extensively these years in wide fields. In this talk, we consider time-fractional fully nonlinear equations. Giga-Namba (2017) recently has established the well-posedness (i.e., existence/uniqueness) of viscosity solutions to this equation. We introduce a natural approximation in terms of elliptic theory and prove the convergence. The talk is based on the joint work with Y. Giga (Univ. of Tokyo) and Q. Liu (Fukuoka Univ.)


Changyou Wang

Title: Some recent results on mathematical analysis of Ericksen-Leslie System

Abstract: The Ericksen-Leslie system is the governing equation that describes the hydrodynamic evolution of nematic liquid crystal materials, first introduced by J. Ericksen and F. Leslie back in 1960's. It is a coupling system between the underlying fluid velocity field and the macroscopic average orientation field of the nematic liquid crystal molecules. Mathematically, this system couples the Navier-Stokes equation and the harmonic heat flow into the unit sphere. It is very challenging to analyze such a system by establishing the existence, uniqueness, and (partial) regularity of global (weak/large) solutions, with many basic questions to be further exploited. In this talk, I will report some results we obtained from the last few years.

Matthew Schrecker

Title: Finite energy methods for the 1D isentropic Euler equations

Abstract: In this talk, I will present some recent results concerning the 1D isentropic Euler equations using the theory of compensated compactness in the framework of finite energy solutions. In particular, I will discuss the convergence of the vanishing viscosity limit of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations to the Euler equations in one space dimension. I will also discuss how the techniques developed for this problem can be applied to the existence theory for the spherically symmetric Euler equations and the transonic nozzle problem. One feature of these three problems is the lack of a priori estimates in the space $L^\infty$, which prevent the application of the standard theory for the 1D Euler equations.

Anna Mazzucato

Title: On the vanishing viscosity limit in incompressible flows

Abstract: I will discuss recent results on the analysis of the vanishing viscosity limit, that is, whether solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations converge to solutions of the Euler equations, for incompressible fluids when walls are present. At small viscosity, a viscous boundary layer arise near the walls where large gradients of velocity and vorticity may form and propagate in the bulk (if the boundary layer separates). A rigorous justification of Prandtl approximation, in absence of analyticity or monotonicity of the data, is available essentially only in the linear or weakly linear regime under no-slip boundary conditions. I will present in particular a detailed analysis of the boundary layer for an Oseen-type equation (linearization around a steady Euler flow) in general smooth domains.

Lei Wu

Title: Hydrodynamic Limits in Kinetic Equations with Boundary Layer Effects

Abstract: Hydrodynamic limits concern the rigorous derivation of fluid equations from kinetic theory. In bounded domains, kinetic boundary corrections (i.e. boundary layers) play a crucial role. In this talk, I will discuss a fresh formulation to characterize the boundary layer with geometric correction, and in particular, its applications in 2D smooth convex domains with in-flow or diffusive boundary conditions. We will focus on some newly developed techniques to justify the asymptotic expansion, e.g. weighted regularity in Milne problems and boundary layer decomposition.


Annalaura Stingo

Title: Global existence of small solutions to a model wave-Klein-Gordon system in 2D

Abstract: This talk deals with the problem of global existence of solutions to a quadratic coupled wave-Klein-Gordon system in space dimension 2, when initial data are small, smooth and mildly decaying at infinity.Some physical models, especially related to general relativity, have shown the importance of studying such systems. At present, most of the existing results concern the 3-dimensional case or that of compactly supported initial data. We content ourselves here with studying the case of a model quadratic quasi-linear non-linearity, that expresses in terms of « null forms » . Our aim is to obtain some energy estimates on the solution when some Klainerman vector fields are acting on it, and sharp uniform estimates. The former ones are recovered making systematically use of normal forms’ arguments for quasi-linear equations, in their para-differential version, whereas we derive the latter ones by deducing a system of ordinary differential equations from the starting partial differential system. We hope this strategy will lead us in the future to treat the case of the most general non-linearities. »

Albert Ai

Title: Low Regularity Solutions for Gravity Water Waves

Abstract: We consider the local well-posedness of the Cauchy problem for the gravity water waves equations, which model the free interface between a fluid and air in the presence of gravity. It has been known that by using dispersive effects, one can lower the regularity threshold for well-posedness below that which is attainable by energy estimates alone. Using a paradifferential reduction of Alazard-Burq-Zuily and low regularity Strichartz estimates, we apply this idea to the well-posedness of the gravity water waves equations in arbitrary space dimension. Further, in two space dimensions, we discuss how one can apply local smoothing effects to further extend this result.